Dictionary of most common AVESTA words

Copyright 1995, Joseph H. Peterson


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abbreviations

Pronunciation


NOTE: layout is:

Avesta word [root of word]
number of times word occurs in the Avesta (case) meaning
... another form of word
...

Example:

baodhô [baodha]
7 (nNA) m. perfume (k362)

The root of "baodhô" is "baodha". It occurs 7 times in the Avesta. (It is neuter Nominative or Accusative case.) It means "perfume". (This word can be found on page 362 of Kanga's dictionary. )


Avestan dictionary - A


a- [-]
(pron.) this
acishtem [aka]
6 (mnA) worst (k14)
ad [-]
(v. rt.) to eat; to say (b55)
adha [-]
31 (adv.) then (k25), thereupon, thus (b55), now, so
adhairi [-]
8 (prep.) under, below (k25)
adhaoyamnô [adhaoyamna]
10 (ng) undeceivable; one who is not deceived (k25)
adhâiti [a-dâ]
8 (2/1) does not give (Sp A M) (k26)
adhât [-]
42 (adv.) thereupon, afterwards; from that place; thence; there, in that place (k26)
adhwanem [adhwan]
8 (A) m. way, path, course; space (k26)
aêibyô [aem]
33 (pl.D.Abl.) these
aêiti [i]
6 (3/1, cl 2.) to go; to come
aêm [-]
30 (mnN) this, that; egg (ahm200)
aêsma [-]
n. firewood, fuel
... aêsmanãm
11 (plG)
... aêsmã
7 (plA)
... aêsmãsca
12 (plA)
... aêsmem
5 (A)
aêsha [aêta]
5 (fN) this, that (k8)
aêshãm [aêm]
9 (plG)
... aêshãmca
5 (plG)
aêshô [aêta]
8 (mN) this, that; [aêsha]
(mN) wishing (k12); powerful (b32)
aêsha [aêta]
150 (NI;,fN) this (k8)
... aêshãm
122 (fA,plG)
aêshmahe [aêshma]
8 (G) m. cruelty, fury (b35), wrath (k12)
... aêshmem
6 (A)
... aêshmô
5 (N)
aêshô [aêta]
41 (N) this, that
... aêta [-]
21 (I,nplNAV) this
aêtadha [-]
35 (adv.) there, in that place; then (k9)
aêtaêshãm [aêta]
11 (demonstr. pron. n.f.plG) this, that
... aêtaêshãm
37 (n.f.plG)
... aêtaêshva
8 (m.plL)
... aêtahe
50 (m.nG)
... aêtahmâi
5 (D)
... aêtahmât
6 (Abl)
aêtahmâyush [-]
9 (adv.) there; then
aêtahmi [aêta]
31 (mL) this, that
... aêtanghãm
10 (f.plG)
... aêtanghå
7 (fG)
... aêtat
45 (nNAV)
aêtavatô [aêtavañt]
6 (G) much, this much (k9)
... aêtavat
25 (A)
aêtayå [aêta]
9 (du.G,fG) this, that
... aêtãm
13 (fA)
... aêtå
10 (f.plAG)
... aêtem
50 (mA, nN)
... aête
116 (m.plNA)
aêva [-]
23 (numeral I, fN) one, only, alone; in this manner, thus (k11, b22f)
... aêvahe
12 (G)
... aêvãm
6 (fA)
... aêvô
23 (mN)
aêvô-dâtayå [aêvô-dâta]
5 (G) only created (k11)
afrasånghå [afrasånghâ]
(N) m. an instructor, a preacher (k37)
afsmanâca [afsmana]
9 (plA) n. verse-line (Kr80), verse (k37); merit (b104)
akha [-]
13 (plA) n. bad, evil (k16)
... akhem
6 (A)
ah [-]
(v. rt. cl. 2) to be (b280, b266, c530)
ahãxshtakhnâishca [ahãxshtakhna]
9 (m.n.plA) innumerable times (k74)
ahe
246 (mnG) this; that
... aheca
5 (mnG)
ahi [ah]
58 (ind. pres. act. 2/1) to be
... ahî
9 (ind. pres. act. 2/1)
ahmat [aêm]
17 (pl.Abl) us, (Abl) this, that
... ahmâi
208 (D) this, that; (plD) we
... ahmâica
5 (D)
ahmâkem [azem]
10 (plDG) us, our (b297)
... ahmât
111 (plAbl) us; (Abl) this
ahmi [aêm]
187 (L) this; [ah] (ind. pres. act. 1/1) I am
... ahmî
6 (GAV)
ahmya [ahmi-a]
92 (L) therein
ahu [-]
m. lord
ahubya [anghu]
5 (duD) (both) lives
ahuna [-]
8 (I,plA) the Ahunwar prayer (k71)
... ahunahe
12 (G)
ahunavaiñt [-]
Ahunavaiti Gatha; 1st Gatha
... ahunavaitîm
5 (A)
... ahunavaityå
6 (G)
ahunem [ahuna]
25 (A)
... ahunemca
5 (A)
ahura [-]
79 (IV, duNA) Ahura; the Lord, God (k72)
ahura-mazda [-]
6 (I) Ahura Mazda, God
ahura-tkaêshô [ahura-tkaêsha]
20 (N) following the doctrines of Ahura (k73)
ahuradhâta [-]
made or created by Ahura; given by Ahura (k73)
... ahuradhâtahe
18 (G)
... ahuradhâtãm
18 (fA)
... ahuradhâtem
42 (A)
... ahuradhâtô
21 (N)
ahuraêibya [ahura]
5 (duD)
... ahurahe
292 (G)
... ahurahê
5 (G)
... ahurahyâ
11 (G)
ahuramazdâ [ahura-mazda]
6 (I)
ahurâ [ahura]
107 (V)
... ahurâi
35 (D)
ahurâne [ahurânî]
12 (plV) Ahuranis [ladies] (Hum), Wives of Ahura (ts); epithet of Anahita and water
ahurem [ahura]
127 (A)
... ahurô
509 (N)
ahû [ahu]
154 (mN) lord (b281)
ahûm [anghu]
67 (A) life; world; spirit; also [ahû] (A) (k18)
... ahûmca
13 (A)
ahyâ [aem]
47 (G) this
ah'yâi
6 ()
aibigayâi [aibi-gaya]
6 (D) Aibigaya, watching over life (lit.) (k3)
aibî [aiwi]
11 (adv. ã prep.) (k3)
ainyô [anya, ainya]
7 (N) different, other (b135)
ainghat [aêm]
8 (f.n.Abl) this
... ainghå
71 (fG)
... ainghåsca
9 (fG)
... ainghe
28 (DG,fL)
aipi
25 (adv.) also, too; (prep. w A) unto, upon
airime [airima]
9 (L) seclusion, quiet (k3); quietly
airyama
6 (N) companionship, guest
airyamanem [airyaman]
7 (N) Airyaman, name of a Yazad; a prayer, Y54; a serviter; community
... airyamanô
6 (G)
airyanãm [airya]
31 (f.plG) of noble birth, respectable (lit.), Aryan, Iranian (k4)
airyanem [airyana]
8 (nA) Aryan, Iranian
airyâbyô [airya]
9 (f.plD)
... airyå
11 (f.plN)
airyêmâ [airyaman]
6 (N) companion, friend (hz1)
airyene [airyana]
11 (nL)
aiti [-]
6 (prep.) back (k1)
aiti-shê
6 [aiti + shê]
aithyajanghaêibya [aithyajangha]
5 () imperishable (k1), incorruptible (JAR)
aiwi [-]
5 (prep.) to, unto, over, direction, high up, above, near; exceedingly, very; around, about (k3); (adv. & vbl. pref.) to, unto, over (JAR)
aiwi-druxtô [aiwi-druxta]
6 (N) falsehood, defrauding, deceit (k5)
aiwi-druzhaiti [aiwi-druj]
8 (pres. act. 3/1) to be false, to break a contract or agreement, to deceive (k276)
aiwi-vaênât
8 ()
aiwi-vanyå [aiwi-vanyangh]
19 (mN) more smiting or triumphant (k6)
aiwica [aiwi]
8 ()
aiwisrûthrimâi [aiwi-srûthrema]
6 (D) Aiwisruthrem (gah), period of day from sunset to midnight (k6)
aiwithûranãm [aiwithûra]
15 (plV?) victorious (AHM), powerful, triumphant (k5)
aiwyâstô [aiwyâsti]
6 (pres. part. mid. N) f. (the act of) travelling
aiwyâxshayeiñti [aiwi-xshi]
5 (act. 3/3) supervise (Kr), oversee, watch over, rule (k153)
aiwyånghayåñti
5 (3/3) (they shall) gird around
aiwyô [ap]
27 (plD) water
ajyamnem [ajyamna]
6 (A) unending (TS), inexhaustible (Mal) unfailing (Darm); imperishable (M) (k19)
akaranahe [akarana]
5 (nG) boundless (k15)
... akaranem
6 (nA)
aka [-]
bad, wicked, evil (k14) [= akha]
... akât
6 (Abl)
... akô
5 (N)
ama [-]
strength; Strength (t110); courage; Courage (k), Power of Attack (Kr)
... amaheca
14 (G)
amava [amavañt]
5 (N) strong, vigorous (t30), courageous
... amavaiti
16 (fN)
... amavaitîm
8 (fA)
... amavaithyå
5 (fG)
... amavañtem
12 (A)
... amavatô
7 (G)
... amavå
7 (N)
amem [ama]
11 (A)
... amemca
10 (A)
ameretatâtem [ameretât]
6 (fA) f. immortality; also, one of the Amesha Spentas (k39)
... ameretâta
11 (I, duNA)
... ameretâtâ
10 (I, duNA)
amesha [-]
immortal (k40)
... ameshaêibyô
14 (plD.Abl)
... ameshahe
13 (m.nG)
... ameshanãm
64 (plG)
... ameshâ
29 (IV, plNA)
... ameshå
19 (plNA)
... ameshem
40 (nNA)
... ameshê
23 (plA)
amyazdavanem [amyazdavan]
6 (A) not offering Myazda or oblation in sacred service (k40)
ana [aem]
39 (I,nI) in this (viz. the following) way, hereby (ahm178); [-] (prep. with A) on, upon, along
anaêshem [anaêsha]
7 (A) powerless (k27), lacking in vigour (Hum)
anakhra [-]
11 (fN,n.plNA) endless, boundless (k27)
... anakhranãm
9 (n.plG)
anaiwishti [-]
f. failing to study, not studying
anaiwyâstô [anaiwyâsta]
5 (N) ungirded, not girded up the loins (lit.), not put on the kusti; inexperienced (k27)
anashaonô [anashavan]
7 (G) not honest-holy-truth-speaking (k28)
... anashava
12 (N)
anâhita [-]
39 (fN) immaculate, undefiled, void of impurity, (pure); epithet of Aredvi Sura (k30, hz1)
... anâhitayå
6 (fG)
... anâhitãm
14 (fA)
... anâhite
29 (fV)
anâish [aem?]
5 (GAV pl.I) with these
anâpem [anâpa]
7 (A) without water (k29)
anâperetha [-]
6 (n.plA) inexpiable; that admits of no atonement (k29)
anu [-]
10 (adv., prep. with A) along, after (jar), according to, being in suitable proportion (k30)
anumatêe [anumaiti]
6 (fD) thinking in conformity with (k30)
anumayanãm [anumaya]
24 (plG) small cattle, a sheep, a goat (k30)
anusô [an-usangt]
9 (nA) unwilling (k31)
anuxtêe [anuxti]
5 (D) f. speaking in conformity with (k30)
anya [-]
14 (I,duN,plN) another, else (jar), other - in general (anya ... anya) (b135, k31)
... anyaêibyô
8 (plAbl)
... anyaêshãm
15 (plG)
... anyâish
35 (nplAI)
... anyãm
5 (A,plG)
... anyå
7 (f.plNA)
... anyåscit
8 (plN,f.plNA)
... anye
10 (plNA)
... anyehe
7 (G)
... anyô
14 (N); (adv.) other than, except
anghaitî [ah]
5 (subj. pres. act. 3/1)
anghaot [anghu]
12 (Abl)
anghat [ah]
117 (subj. pres. act. 3/1)
... anghen
58 (subj. pres. act. 3/3)
anghêush [anghu]
70 (mG)
anghe
10 ()
anghu [-]
m. life, being, spirit, existence, the world (ahm), people of the world (k18)
... anghush
24 (N)
anghuyat [anghuya]
12 (Abl) life force (Mal), energy (Hum), vital power (t141); heart, conscience (k18)
anghvãm [anghvâ]
7 (A) f. (k19)
anghvô [anghu]
35 (ng,duL)
angra [-]
8 (V) hostile, evil, bad (k17)
... angrahe
18 (G)
... angrem
7 (A)
... angrô
52 (N)
anguha [anghvâ]
6 (N)
anguhe [anghu]
29 (D)
añgushtãm [añgushta]
6 (plA) toe (b130)
añtara [-]
(adj.) inside
añtarât [añtare]
18 (Abl) interior (adv. & prep.) within, between,
... añtare [-]
86 (prep.)
... añtareca
22 (prep.)
añtaremånghâi [añtare-mâh]
5 (D) the day before the new moon; the new moon (Sg), the days after the new moon (Pl)
... añtaremånghem
5 (A)
anghå
8 () this, those
anghe
7 ()
aoi [avi]
38 (adv.)
aoj- [-]
(vb. rt.) speak, say
... aojaite [aoj]
10 (pres. mid. 3/1) to call, to name (k13)
aojangha [aojangh]
5 (I) n. strength, power (k13); strong
... aojasca
10 (A)
aojishtô [aojishta]]
5 (N) the strongest (k13)
aojô [aojangh]
28 (nN, nA) (jar)
aom [ava]
42 (NA)
... aomca
7 (NA)
aotô [aota]
(N) cold (k13)
aoxta [aoj]
45 (pres. indic. mid. 3/1 (JAR), Aor. mid. 3/1) (he) spoke (k458)
aoxtô-nâmana [aoxtô-nâman]
20 (mI) (k12)
... aoxtô-nâmanem
7 (mA)
... aoxtô-nâmanô
20 (mG)
ap [-]
water
... apa
37 (I)
apa [-]
(adv., vbl. pref.) away, forth
apa-dvarata [apa-dvar]
19 (imp. act. 2/3) to run away (k280)
apa-nas [-]
(v. rt.) to vanish, to perish
... apa-nasyeiti [apa-nas]
(pres. act. 3/1)
apairithwô [a-pairithwa]
5 () may not be traversed (b78)
apaiti-zañtô [apaiti-zañta]
6 (N) not having been acknowledged (ahm192); unwelcomed, not honored
apanasyehe [apa-nas]
(pres. mid. 2/1)
apanashtahe
5 (G) annihilating, driving away
apanôtemem [apanôtema]
5 (A) highest degree, foremost
apara [-]
5 (plN) (used adverbally) further, posterior, later, lower, inferior; later on, back (k35); next, following, later (Monna 122)
aparadâtãm [aparadâtâ]
5 () f. not betrothed/engaged (b77)
aparem [apara]
14 (nA)
apasca [ap]
23 (G, plNA)
... apascâ
9 (G, plNA)
... apat
15 (Abl)
... apaya
(L)
apaya [-]
5 () to cause to reach, to overtake (AHM 232), afterwards, later (on), future; to go, to happen; to acquire, to get, to succeed, to overcome (b75?) [-hame: hamaya?]
apayeiti
5 (3/1) inf. of yam-; taking away; also, " (b76)
apayûxtât [apa-ýuj]
9 (past. part. mAbl) to disjoin, to separate (lit.); to leave off; to lay aside (k431)
apâca [ap]
9 (I) and with water
apâxedhraêibyô [apâxtara]
5 (plAbl) northern, backwards, behind (k35, b79)
apãm [ap]
77 (plG) of waters; [-] (adv.) from now on (Kr), afterwards, hereafter (b82)
... apãmca
9 (plG)
... apemca
27 (A)
aperenâyûkô [aperenâyuka]
9 (mN) a child, youth, boy (b81)
aperesat [pares]
9 (GAV impf. act. 3/1, augment a) (k321)
apêmem [apema]]
6 adj. (m.n.NA) last, end, close (used adverbially) (k36, b80)
ape [ap]
5 (D) water
apô
15 [ap](G,plNA) water; [-]
(adv.) away from, away, far from; not (k36)
ar- [-]
(vb. rt. cl. 5) go, move, come
aratufrish [a-ratufrî]
15 (3/1) he is not accepted (b186)
... aratufryô
11 (3/3)
aredrâi [aredra]
23 (D) sincere one (Kr27), generous (JAR) (k46)
areduyå [aredvî]
7 (G) f. name of a well-known Iranian river (b194); f. name of a Yazad
... aredvî [-]
70 (NV)
... aredvîm
14 (A)
aredhem [aredha]
12 (A) half (lit.), side, direction; not grown (lit.)
arejaiti [arej]
7 (pres. act. 3/1) to be worth, to become worthy- deserving; to be considered respectable (k44)
arejô [arejangh]
13 (N) n. value, price (k44)
arema [-]
the arm
armaêshadh [-]
sitting in a retired or sequestered place
arshtât [-]
justice; Ashtad Yazad, Yazad presiding over justice (HZI)
... arshtâtasca
11 (G)
... arshtâtemca
9 (A)
arshuxdha [-]
8 (plNA) correctly spoken, correctly uttered (k47)
arsha [arshan]
9 (N) m. male (animal); brave, valiant (k47)
... arshânô
5 (G, plN)
... arshnãm
31 (plG)
... arshnô
9 (G) also Kavi Arshan, brother of Kai Kaus
as [ah]
16 (ind. imf./inj. pres. act. 3/1) you were
asangh [-]
place, space
... asanghaêca
6 (D)
... asanghãmca
21 (plG)
... asåsca
5 (plNA)
ascûm [ascu]
8 (A) calf (of the leg) (k56)
ash-
(intensive prefix with Adjs.)
ash-varecå [ash-vareshangh]
5 (N) most glorious (Dar.), criminal (Har.), most brilliant, most crafty (very clever?)
ashta [ashtan]
15 (plNA) eight
ashtem [ashta]
5 (A) a missile, a lance; an arrow, a dart
ashtemem [ashtema]
5 (ord. num. A) eighth
ashtraya [ashtrâ]
75 (I) a whip (also, a dagger)
ashhvarenanghem [ash-hvarenangh]
5 (mA) most glorious (k68)
asha [-]
24 (NI) Asha, truth, righteousness, world order, eternal law, fitness (Bailey)
ashacithra [asha-cithra]
20 (plNA) containing the seed or principle of Asha
ashahe [asha]
621 (G)
... ashahyâ
28 (G)
... ashah'yâcâ
7 (G)
ashaonãm [ashavan]
148 (plG) m. Ashavan
... ashaone
169 (D,fL)
ashaoni [ashaonî]
11 (fNV) f. Ashavan
... ashaonibyô
12 (f.pl.D.Abl)
... ashaoninãm
15 (f.pl.G)
... ashaoninãmca
13 (f.pl.G)
... ashaonîm
121 (fA)
... ashaonîsh
35 (f.pl.NA)
ashaonô [ashavan]
422 (G)
ashaonyå [ashaonî]
41 (fG)
ashava [ashavan]
102 (N,duNAV,nNA) m. Ashavan, Asha-endowed, Asha-sanctified (Wolff)
... ashavabyô
29 (pl.D.Abl)
... ashavana
29 (pl.A;,du.A)
... ashavanaêibya
5 (du.D)
... ashavanem
297 (A)
... ashavanô
28 (pl.NA)
ashavazangh [-]
giving strength of Asha; bringing Asha (M.), pure born, pure by birth (Sp., H., and D.)
... ashavazanghô
5 (G)
ashavâ [ashavan]
10 (N)
ashahvâthrahe [asha-hvâthra]
8 (mG) shining with Asha (k61)
... ashahvâthranãm
7 (plG)
... ashahvâthrå
5 (f.plA)
... ashahvâthrem
5 (mA)
ashaya [asha]
156 (L)
... ashâ
98 (IV)
... ashâcâ
9 (I)
... ashâi
27 (D)
... ashâicâ
9 (D)
ashâishtem [ashâishta]
5 (nN) n. feeling the sorest grief
ashât [asha]
60 (Abl)
... ashâtcît
32 (Abl) Asha- + cit (q.v.)
ashâum [ashavan]
286 (V)
... ashâunãm
117 (plG)
... ashâunãmca
13 (plG)
... ashâunê
10 (D/GAv)
... ashâunô
8 (G/GAv,plA)
ashem [asha]
400 (NA)
ashemaokhô [ashemaokha]
11 (N) one who violates Asha; a heretic, a misinterpreter; the Demon who destroys Asha
ashemca [asha]
10 (NA)
... ashemcâ
7 (GAv NA)
ashi [-]
6 (IV) f. reward (Hum), lot, part, the Yazad Ashi (reward personified) (k66): blessing; also, (duA) the eye; (ts31:) thing attained/acquired; recompense, reward
... ashish
41 (NV,plA)
ashivañt [-]
apportioner, awarder (ahm194), possessing, giving rewards (Monna)
... ashivatô
12 (G)
... ashivå
5 (N)
ashîm [ashi]
81 (fA)
... ashîmca
12 (fA)
ashnô [ashan]
12 (G) the sky, the firmament
ashô-stûiti [-]
f. prayer of Asha (lit.); an allusion to the well-known prayer, Ashem vohu (k67)
... ashô-stûitinãm
5 (plG)
... ashô-stûitish
7 (N? plN?)
ashôish [ashi]
24 (G)
ashya [-]
14 (V) epithet of Sraosha, (lit.) companion of Ashi (Malandra), accompanied by rewards (Kr), friend of Ashi (ahm194)
... ashyehe
21 (G)
... ashyô
27 (N)
... ashyehe
11 (G)
asma, asman [-]
the sky, the firmament
... asmanaca
6 (duNA) made of stone, stone
... asmanem
25 (A)
... asmanemca
7 (A)
asne [asna]
9 (L) near, from near
asni [azan]
7 (L) day
asnya [-]
9 (plA) of the day, daily (lit.), the Gah (k57)
... asnyaêibyô
7 (plD)
... asnyanãmca
15 (plG)
aspa [-]
6 (N, plN) a horse (k57)
... aspahe
85 (G) mare
... aspanãm
24 (plG, fplG)
... aspô
6 (N)
asrâvayat-gâthô [asrâvayat-gâthâ]
5 (N) not chanting the Gathas
asrâvayô [asrâvañt]
8 (N) not chanting (the Gathas)
asta [ast-]
(plN) m. a bone, also
asti astasca [asti, asta]
7 (G) the body
astayô [asti, asta]
5 (m.pl.N) guests, companions; (plN) the body; (plA) an arrow (k56)
astâtô-ratûm [astâtô-ratu]
5 (fA) (a damsel) not under the protection of a guardian or chief of the family
astem [asti, asta]
10 (A) a bone
asti [ah]
218 (3/1) is;
[-]
(plN) bones
asti-shê [ah, ast-]
6 ()
... astica
6 ()
... astî
34 (3/1)
astô [asta]
5 (N) sent or despatched (lit.), a messenger (k56); (G) of the body
astu [ah]
5 (imp. pres. act. 3/1) to be
... astû
23 (")
astvaiñti [astvañt]
36 (mL) material (t102, AHM), having bones (lit.), corporeal, physical, bodily, (k57)
... astvaite
15 (nD)
... astvaitinãm
28 (f.plG)
... astvaitîsh
10 (f.plNA)
... astvaithyâi
8 (fD)
... astvañtem
13 (nA)
... astvatô
27 (G)
... astvå
10 (mN)
at [-, aem]
138 (adv.) then, but, and
atbishtô [a-tbish]
5 (past part. mN) not offended, not angered
atcâ [at]
10 (particle)
atcit
6 [at + cit]
atha [-]
91 (adv.) so, thus
athaurunem [âthravan]
8 () m. member of the priestly caste (Hum 4), priest (k79); [athauruna]
n. religious studies (Her.), Athravanship (Hum), priesthood
... athaurune
7 (D)
... athaurunô
6 (G)
athâ [atha]
74 (GAV)
athra
15 (adv.) there
aurushahe [aurusha]
5 (G) white
aurva [-]
5 (plN) adj. brave, gallant (AHM); swift (k7)
aurvañtô [aurvañt]
7 (plA) m. quick, swift; a steed, horse, racer, warrior; Mount Alvand
aurvat-aspa [-]
swift-horsed
... aurvat-aspahe
14 (G)
... aurvat-aspem
31 (A)
aurvathanãm [aurvatha]
9 (plG) lawless (ahm170), enemy (JAR)
aurvô [aurva]
5 (NV)
ava
62 (prep.) direction; this, that (k49)
ava-
(pref. implying negation sometimes separated from verb) off, away; near; towards, below, far; downwards, below
ava-baraiti [ava-bar]
13 (pres. act. 3/1) to carry to; to bring down, to bring to (k366)
... ava-bereta
6 (past. part. m.duN, n.plN)
ava-hishtât [ava-stâ]
5 (impf. subj. act. 3/1) to stand near or by (k536)
ava-janyât [ava-jan]
14 (pot. act. 3/1) to smite; to kill (k187)
ava-kanayen [ava-kan]
6 (pot. act. 3/3) to dig (k124)
avadha [-]
13 (adv.) there (k51)
avakhnât [ava-jan 2]
5 (impf. subj. act. 3/1) to bite (k187)
avainghå [ava, avangh]
8 (fG)
... avainghe
21 (G, nG) assistance (AHM)
... avaingheca
5 (G)
avangh [-]
assistance, help
avanghe [ava]
34 (G); also, [avangh](D) assistance, help
... avanghe
5 (")
avañt [-]
that, such
avaretanãm [avaretâ]
5 (f.plG) a thing of value; goods
avasô-xshathrô [avasô-xshathra]
6 (mN) not ruling according to one's will (k52)
avat [ava]
129 (dem. pron.) that, those (A); (adv.) so long, this, that, also, [avañt] (fN,nA)
avatha [-]
62 (adv.) so, thus, consequently
avathât [-]
6 () also, in this manner
avavat [avavañt]
27 (nNA) so much, such
avâ [ava]
6 (G)
avâiti [av]
5 (pres. sub. 3/1) to go, to come (k49)
avãm [ava]
9 (fA)
... avå
13 (f.plâ,n.plA) also, [avañt] (N) so much, this much
avåñtem [avañt]
6 (A) such, so much, this much; so great (b952, AHM152)
ave [ava]
13 (plNA;,n.plA)
avi [-]
249 (adv., prep. with A or G) to, unto, towards (JAR)
avi-
(pref.) near, towards, by; contrary to
avi-mithrish [avi-mithri]
5 (N) m. Anti-Mithra (AHM), a foe of Mithra; a violator of a solemn contract (k53)
avô [avañh]
7 (A) assistance, support, protection
avô-hvarenanãmca [avô-hvarena]
5 (plG) a drinking fountain; a water spring
axtica [axti]
9 (I) f. pain (Herb.), harm (HZI), sickness (k15)
... axtish
5 (N)
ahvaretaheca [ahvareta]
8 (nG) not perishing (lit.), not decreasing (k126), ungraspable (see Bailey xxvii)
... ahvaretem
16 (nA)
ahvâthre [ahvâthra]
9 (fV) unhappy, void of comfort, void of comfort (Hum) (k16)
aya [aem]
6 (fî) this
ayanghaênaca [ayanghaêna]
6 (plA) made of iron; iron
ayaozhdya [ayaozhdi]
9 (I) f. defilement, pollution, impurity, uncleanness (k40)
ayara [-]
10 (plA) relating to a day (lit.); division of a day
... ayaranãmca
18 (plG)
ayare [ayar-]
6 (A) n. day (decl. j311,337)
ayâthrimâi [ayâthrema]
5 (D) ayathrem, 4th Gahambar
ayãn [ayare]
8 (G, plA); also, [î] (3/3) to go; to come
ayå [aem]
10 (duG) this; also, [î] (West. 1/1)
ayenî [i]
5 (sub. 1/1) to go
azâni [az]
7 (imp. act. 3/1) to set free, to deliver (k20)
azâtanãm [azâta]
5 (plG) unborn (k21)
... azâtanãmca
7 (plG)
azem [-]
167 (N, personal pronoun) I;
azhish [azhi]
7 (N) m. a snake, a dragon (k19)
azhîm
8 (Sg,duA)
â
145 (adv., prep. with A, Abl, G, or L) at, to, near, by, up, towards
â-dim [ta]
14 (mA) he
â-mananghô [â-manangha]
5 (G) m. intellectual power (k82); with great ardour, eagerly (k394); plan, intention; eager, impetuous (b332)
â-tat
6 [â + tat]
âat [-]
815 (adv.) then, thereupon
âat ýat
(adv.) when
âbyô [aem]
10 (plD.Abl) these
âca [-]
18 (adv.) there (one way) (Herb.)
âca-nô
21
âca-nô jamyât
() may he join us for (AHM) (nô = "us")
âdim [âat]
6 () then
âfañt
rich in waters (Mal); full of waters (Bailey xxi, b330); time (AHM172, t125, Mal) (k81); sheltering (AHM172)
... âfeñtem
5 (A, plN)
âfritîm [âfriti, â-frî]
10 (f.) benediction, blessing; curse
... âfritôish
13 (G)
âfrînâmi [â-frî]
75 (pres. act. 1/1) I wish (Masl, Hum), I bless (Dh), I desire (Kr) (k356)
âfsh [ap]
20 (N) water
âhitica [âhiti]
7 (I) defiled, filthiness, impurity, uncleanness (b345) (cp. anâhitâ)
âhurôish [âhûiri, âhûirya]
5 (G) adj. devoted to Ahura; pertaining to Ahura, Ahurian, Ahuric (Boyce)
... âhûirish
11 (mfN)
... âhûirîm
14 (mfA)
... âhûiryehe
13 (G)
âi
22 (interj. with V) O!
âish [aem]
8 (plI) these, those
âiti
17 (prep.) near, by, to; (adv.) by, near
âjasat [â-jas]
19 (impf. act. 3/1) reaches, to reach (k190) (jar: pres. indic. act.)
âmruyê [â-mrû]
8 (pres. mid. 1/1) to wish, to desire; to shall on for help (k414)
âpa [ap]
6 (duNA) water
... âpem
62 (A)
âperetish [âpereti]
8 (N) atonement, expiation
âpô [ap]
163 (G, plNAV) water
ârmaitê [ârmaiti]
6 (V) f. Armaiti, one of the Amesha Spentas; Devotion (Hum, Mal, TS), right-mindedness (Hum) (b335)
... ârmaitish
22 (N)
... ârmaitî
12 (I)
... ârmaitîm
23 (A)
... ârmatôish
19 (G)
âs [ah]
20 ()
âsna [-]
sturdy (Kr), noble (ahm158); natural, innate (b341)
... âsnahe
5 (G)
... âsnem
5 (A)
âstâraiti [â-stâr-]
11 (caus. v.) to make guilty (vn, b340)
âstâya [â-stâ]
22 (2/1) to stand (k534)
âste [âh, åñh]
7 (3/1) to rest, to continue; to sit steadily
âstryeiti [â-star]
15 () to fix to, to attach (as a crime) (k534)
âsyangha [âsyangh]
6 (duG) faster (b342)
âtar [-]
m. fire; Yazad presiding over fire
... âtarsh
44 (NV)
... âterebyô
13 (plD.Abl)
âtre-saokanãm [âtre-saoka]
16 (plG) fire brand
âtrem [âtar]
82 (A)
... âtremca
20 (A)
ât [âat]
7 (adv.) in this place (k75); so ... then
âthraêca [âtar]
5 (D)
... âthrasca
15 (G)
... âthrat
14 (Abl.)
âthrava [âthravan]
20 (N) m. priest
... âthravanem
10 (A)
... âthravanô
5 (plN)
âthrãmca [âtar]
7 (plG)
... âthre
17 (D)
âthritîm [âthritya]
7 (A) three times
âthrô [âtar]
48 (G)
âthwyânôish [âthwyâni]
8 (G) of the family of Athwyan, belonging to Athwya
âvaêdhayamahî
77 (1/3) I dedicate
âxshti
truce (Kr), friendship, amity, peace
... âxshtîm
5 (A)
âya [aem]
8 (fI) this
âyapta [-]
n. boons (Kr13), riches, gifts of grace, blessings (b332)
... âyaptem
104 (NA, plA)
âyese [â-ýas]
249 (1/1) to wish, to desire, to demand
âzaiñti [zan-2]
f. understanding, explanation (j3
âzâiti
5 ()
âzâtayå [âzâta]
6 (fG) of noble lineage, nobly born (b343)
âzûitishca [âzûiti]
9 () f. plenty (HZI), fatness (lit.); prosperity
ångha [ah]
7 (3/1) to be
... ångharecâ
6 (perf. act. 3/3)
ånghânô [âh, åñh]
6 (1/1, cl. 2) to sit (k85), also, to commune with God in retirement; to pray in deep meditation (see Skt. asana); (GAbl) n. mouth, face (JAR)
ånghât [ah]
5 (3/1) to be
ånghãm [aem]
39 (f.plG) this, that, also, [ah] (3/3) to be

Avestan dictionary - B


baêshaza [-]
14 (L, plA) a remedy, a restorative, medicine, physician, healer; n. health (k361)
... baêshazanãm
15 (plG)
... baêshazem
12 (nN,m.nA)
... baêshazemca
9 (nN)
baêshazya [-]
10 (N,plNA) healing, health-giving (k361), healthy (AHM)
... baêshazyãm
6 (A)
... baêshazyô
8 (N)
baêvare [-]
44 (plA) ten thousand
baêvare-cashmanem [baêvare-cashman]
10 (A) 10,000 eyes (k360)
... baêvare-cashmanô
11 (N)
baêvare-spasanô [baêvare-spasana]
5 (mN) 10,000 spies (k361)
baêvarekhnâi [baêvarekhna]
8 (D) 10,000 times (k360)
... baêvarekhnâishca
8 (plI)
baêvãn [baêvare]
7 (plA) 10,000
bakhãm [bakha-2]
6 (nA) a portion, a piece, a gift, a present, a boon, bit (k364)
bakhem [bakha-1]
7 (mA) Deity, God, divine power, lit. one who distributes (k363)
bakhô-baxtem [bakhô-baxta]
6 (A) bestowed by God (k364)
baodhangh [-]
n. consciousness, perception (k362)
... baodhanghasca
7 (G)
... baodhasca
9 (NA)
baodhô [baodha]
7 (nNA) m. perfume (k362)
baodhô-varshtahe [baodhô-varshta]
10 (G) n. wilfully done (crime), deliberate (k362)
baoidhi [-]
5 (nA,IL) m. perfume (k362)
... baoidhîmca
11 (A)
bar [-]
(v. rt. cl. 1) to carry, to bear (k365)
... bara
7 (imp. act. 2/1)
... baraiti
44 (pres. act. 3/1)
... baraitî
6 (GAv pres. act. 3/1)
... barat
17 (impf. act. 3/1)
... barayen
13 (pot. act. 3/3)
... barât
18 (subj. 3/1; pret. indic. act. 3/1)
bareñti [bar-3?]
10 (3/3) (impersonal v.) to be windy, to blow furiously
baresma [baresman]
41 (A) n. Baresma, originally twigs of the pomegranate tree used in religious ceremonies (see b947-9)
... baresmaca
12 (NA)
... baresmaine
5 (D)
... baresmana
10 (I)
... baresmanaêca
61 ()
baresmanîm [baresmanya]
6 (A) pertaining to the Baresma; of the Baresma (k370)
baresmãn [baresman]
10 ()
... baresmen
17 (Abl) (j90)
bareshna [bareshnu]
5 (I) top, height, the uppermost part
... bareshnavô
5 (plA)
barethrishva [barethri]
6 (plL) f. mother, (female that bears children) in the womb
barezahi [barezangh]
5 (L) n. height; a mountain (k369)
... barezanghat
7 (Abl)
barezayå [barezâ]
9 (G) f. height; a mountain (k369)
barezimanãm [barez]
5 (plG) high, exalted (k368)
barezishta [-]
(super. adj.) highest, most exalted (k369, but see ahm183: heap + cushion)
... barezishtem
5 (A)
... barezishte
6 (mL)
barôit [bar]
5 (opt. act. 3/1) (j145)
bastem [basta]
7 (A) bound, tied, a prisoner
bavaiñti [bû]
32 (pres. act. 3/3) cl.1 (they) appear / to be, to become (k376)
... bavaiti
47 (pres. act. 3/1)
... bavat
15 (pret. 3/1) he became (j31)
... bavâhi
33 (pres. subj. 2/1) be
... bavâni
22 (imp. act. 1/1)
... bavât
9 (subj. 3/1) he/she/it might be
... bavãn
7 (subj. 3/3) they might be
baxsheñti [baxsh]
8 (vb. cl. 1. 3/3) to bestow, to give, to distribute, to remit, to forgive
bâ [-]
57 (strengthening particle.) definitely, certainly, indeed
... bâdha
35 (adv.) at times, as often as (ahm206)
bâgem [bâga]
5 (NA) good fortune; share (Monna 131), wealth
bâmîm [bâmya]
10 (nNA,mA) splendid (Kr, AHM), shining, radiant (k373)
bâzvô [bâzû]
16 (duG) limb, arm, foreleg (b955)
bereja [-]
11 (I) m. blessing, benediction; desire; wish (k379); (religious) custom (Wolff/b)
berejyâi [berejya]
7 (D) n. Yazad that fulfils one's desires; or promotes growth of corn (k379)
berexdhãm [berexdha]
6 (fA) esteemed (Hum2 200), dear, welcome (c73); exalted, agreeable, beloved, that may be wished for (k378)
berezaite [barez-1]
5 (D) to grow (k368), to grow high, to be exalted; tall (Kr), high (HZI44)
... berezaiti
24 (pres. act. f 1/1)
... berezaitîm
16 (fA)
berezañt [-]
(ptcpl. of barz-) high, great, lofty (decl. j291)
... berezañbya
5 (duD)
... berezañta
8 (m.duNA,m.plN)
... berezañtem
24 (A)
... berezatô
21 (G)
berezô [berez]
10 (mG) high, great, lofty (k379); [bereza]
(mN)
bish [-]
18 (adv.) twice; double; remedy (k375)
bishâmrûta [-]
8 (plN) (holy words) that are to be recited twice (k375)
bishazyât [bishaz]
19 (pres. ?) to heal someone (b966)
bitîm [bitya]
34 (ord. num. A) second
... bityô
12 (N)
bun []
11 (Aor. act. 3/3) will become
... buyama
5 (opt. 1/3) may we be
... buyata
8 (pot. mid. 2/3,3/1) may ye be (j135)
... buyât
13 (ben. act. 3/1)
... buyå
11 (ben. act. 2/1, Aor. opt. 2/1 (JAR))
bû [-]
(v. rt.) to be, to become, cl. 1 (k376)
bûshyãsta [-]
6 (fNA) the Demon of procrastination, Sloth
bvat []
15 (Aor. act. 3/1) to be, to become

Avestan dictionary - C


-ca
(encl. conj.) and
caêcastahe [caêcasta]
6 (G) m. name of a lake
cakana [kan]
5 (3/1) to love (k124)
caretu-drâjô [caretu-drâjangh]
6 (A) long as a riding- ground / racetrack (k179)
cashman [-]
n. eye (k180)
cathru [-]
four (k177) see also cathware
cathru-cashmem [cathru-cashma]
6 (A) four-eyed; a dog with four eyes, i.e., a dog which has two spots above the eyes
cathru-gaoshem [cathru-gaosha]
5 (mA) four-cornered (lit.); four gated; or, having four high roads (as a city)
cathrushâmrûta [-]
6 (m.plN) (words) that are to be recited four times (k177)
cathrushanãm [cathrusha]
15 (plG) four sides (k177)
cathware [-]
(card. num.) four (k178)
...cathwârô
29 (plNA)
ci [-]
(v. rt. cl. 3) to atone for; to punish (k180)
...cikayat
10 (impf. act. 3/1)
ci [-]
(interrogative pron.) - who? what? which? (indef. pron.) anyone, someone, whoever, whatever (k181)
cinasti [cit]
12 (pres. act. 3/1) to think; to be informed, to know, to regard
para ... cinasti [para-cit]
(3/1) to acknowledge, to regard, to think
cinman [-]
n. love, affection (k183)
...cinmânahe
6 (G)
cinvatô [cinvañt]
7 (N) Chinwad (bridge); inflicting punishment upon; or, gathering, culling
cinvat-peretûm [cinvat-peretu]
7 (A) Chinwad bridge, the bridge from Earth to Heaven, where the virtuous pass over safely, but the wicked fall into hell (k183)
cistâ [-]
f. insight (Hum2 199), knowledge, wisdom (orig.); the Yazad that presides over religious knowledge (k183)
...cistayå
8 (G)
...cistãm
13 (A)
cisti = cistâ
(k184)
...cistôish
16 (G)
cish [ci]
12 (N) (interr. pron.) - who? what? which? (indef. pron.) anyone, someone, whoever, whatever (k180)
...cishca
6 (N) (could be typo for cishta?)
-cit
(encl. particle giving indefinite force) even (j406)
cit [ci]
6 (nN)
citha [cithâ]
70 (N) f. atonement, penalty; punishment; (k182)
...cithaya
12 (I)
...cithãm
8 (A)
cithîm [cithi]
14 (A) f. punishment, atonement (k182)
cithra [-]
7 (mn.plN) 1: (as adj.) visible form (manifestus) (t94), evident, open; publish; 2: (as substantive) appearance (t94), evident; publicity; clearness; face; 3: n. origin, species, race, progeny, clan, family (t94), seed, source; brood; breed; 4: menses (k182)
...cithrem
18 (nNA,mA)
cîm [ci]
5 (A) (interrogative pron.) - who? what? which? (indef. pron.) anyone, someone, whoever, whatever
cvañt [-]
(adv.) how much? (k185)
...cvañtem
7 (mA)
...cvat
100 (nA) how much, how long, how far

Avestan dictionary - D


dadat [dâ-2]
5 (subj. 3/1)
... dadât
14 (3/1)
... dadå
(2/1)
... dademahî
10 (pres. act. 1/3)
dadhâiti [dâ-1]
49 (pres. indic. act. 3/1)
... dadhât
5 (subj. 1/1)
... dadhãm
9 (impf. ind. act. 1/1) should I give (t110), I made
... dadhãmi
72 (pres. ind. act. 1/1)
dadhvañh [-]
m. creator, maker; tenth month; 15th day of each month
... dadhvå
11 (N)
... dadhvånghem
12 (A)
daenyå [daênâ]
8 (G) f. religion (StdAv - Hum2 199), religious view (GAv - Hum), faith, attitude, doctrine; conscience; conception, vision (Insler) (k240, see HZI)
... daêna
22 (N)
... daênayâi
31 (D)
... daênayå
52 (G)
... daênayåsca
6 (G)
... daênâ
11 (NI)
... daênãm
58 (A)
... daênãmca
7 (A)
... daênå
10 (plNAV)
daêum [daêva]
10 (A) m. Daeva, god, false god, devil (k241)
... daêva
54 (plNAV, I)
... daêvaêibyô
6 (pl.Abl.)
... daêvanãm
77 (plG)
daêvayasnanãm [daêvayasna]
12 (plG) m. worshipper of the Daevas
... daêvayasnem
5 (A)
... daêvayasnô
6 (N)
daêvayâzô [daêvayâz]
10 (N, pl.NA) m. worshipper of the Daevas
daêvi [daêvî]
9 (N) f. female Daeva
daêvô [daêva]
39 (N)
daêvô-dâtem [daêvô-dâta]
6 (A) m.n. following the doctrines/ways of the Daevas; created by the Daevas
... daêvô-dâtô
7 (N)
dahâkem [dahâka]
7 (A) stinging (lit.), (Azhi) Dahaka, mythical tyrant
dahma [-]
7 (fnNI, m.plN) good, pious; trained (AHM202)
... dahmaheca
8 (mG)
... dahmanãm
26 (plG)
... dahmayå
17 (fG)
... dahmãm
8 (fA)
... dahmem
6 (mA)
... dahmemca
5 (mA)
... dahmô
16 (mN)
dah'yunãm [dah'yu]
70 (f.plG) country; people (t102); land, region (k243) (c270) (= dainghu)
... dah'yunãmca
8 (f.plG)
dainghâvô [dainghu]
19 (plNA) f. country (AHM), land (k239) (comp. dah'yu)
... dainghêush
25 (G)
... dainghu
10 (I)
dainghu-frâdhanãm [dainghu-frâdhana]
32 (A) f. furthering the country
dainghubyô [dainghu]
11 (plD)
dainghupaitish [dainghu-paiti]
8 (N) m. head of the country or province (AHM)
... dainghupaitîm
10 (A)
... dainghupatôish
8 (G)
daithyât [dâ? dâitya?]
5 ()
danghêush [dainghu]
5 ()
dar-
(v. rt. cl. 1, 10) to hold/keep, + vi: cause to cross (vn); to tear (k246, JAR)
darekhayå [darekha]
10 (fG) long (k247)
... darekhâi
5 (D)
... darekhãm
9 (fA)
... darekhem
15 (nNA)
... darekhemcit
5 (nA)
darekhô-gava [-]
7 (fNA) long handed (lit.); lazy
darethrâi [darethra]
5 (D) n. holding fast (lit.), supporting (k250)
darshi-draosh [darshi-dru]
11 (mG) with bold club (Kr), with mighty club (HZI) (k250)
dasa [dasan]
20 (m.pl.NA) ten; (nA) goods
... dasanãm
10 (plG)
dasta []
10 (imp. act. 2/3)
... daste [dâ-2]
13 (pres. mid. 3/1) (SgD as inf.) n. paying (j254)
... dasti []
5 (act. 3/1)
dasvare [-]
7 (NA) n. comfort, happy state (k252)
... dasvareca
9 (NA)
dashina [-]
8 (I) right (not left)
... dashinaca
8 (I)
... dashinem
52 (A)
dathat [dâ-2]
59 (impf. act. 3/3); [dâ-1]
(impf. act. 1/1) (pres. indic. act. 3/1) (JAR, j553)
... dathâni [dâ-1]
5 (impf. act. 1/1)
dathushô [dadhvañh]
18 (G) m. Creator, maker
davata [du]
7 (imp. mid. 3/1) to speak (of evil beings)
daxma [-]
8 (plA) m. grave; place where dead bodies are deposited
... daxmaêshva
5 (plL)
daxshtem [daxshta]
9 (nN) a brand (lit.), mark, characteristic; implement; evident
dayât []
6 ()
dazdi-mê
36 (imp. act. 2/1)
dazdâ [dazda]
(plN) n. gifts (k245)
dâ-1
(v. rt., cl. 3) to give, to offer (k253)
dâ-2
(v. rt.) to make, to create, to put, to appoint (k255)
dâ-3
(v. rt.) to know, to think (k257)
dâ-4
(v. rt.) to shut (k257)
dâ-5 [-]
wise, prudent
dâh'yumâica [dâh'yuma]
7 (D) pertaining to the country or region; Yazad of the country (k243)
... dâh'yumå
5 (f,plA)
... dâh'yumemca
5 (mA)
dâidî []
12 (imp. act. 2/1)
dâiti [-]
7 (I) f. giving, bestowing
dâitîm [dâitya]
14 (A, nA) legitimate, appropriate, proper, legal; name of a river (k257);
[dâiti]
stopping (Kr81)
... dâityayå
16 (G)
dâityô-gâtush [dâityô-gâtu]
7 (N) belonging to someone, located in rightful place (b730)
dâmabyô [dâman]
10 (pl.D.Abl)
... dâman [-]
creation; place; dwelling place; creature
... dâmanãm
41 (plG)
... dâmãn
67 (plNL, n.plA, f.plA, G (Kr78))
dâmi [-]
Creation; Creator (ahm168); creative, of the creator (HZI)
... dâmôish
28 (G)
dârayat [dar]
9 (impf. act. 3/1) to hold, to support (k247)
dâta [dâtar]
14 (mN) giver, creator, creator (k259); maker (t102); n. (JAR: m) law, rule
[dâta]
(I, nplN, fN) given, dedicated; made, created, appointed, decree, justice, law, rule; adjudicator (k258)
... dâtahe
19 (G)
... dâtare
237 (v)
... dâtâ
22 (ng, plNA) also, [dâ-1]
(imp. act. 2/3); [dâ-2]
(impf. act. 2/3)
dâtâish [dâta]
5 (plI)
... dâtem
26 (nNA, mA)
... dâtô
5 (N)
dât [dâ-1, dâ-2]
20 (Aor. 3/1)
dâthra [-]
5 (plN) n. gift (k260)
dâthrish [dâthri]
21 (N) f. giver, benefactress (JAR)
... dâthrîsh
8 (f.plN)
dâyata [dâ-2]
8 (pot. 2/3, ben. 2/3)
[dâ-1]
(pot. 2/3)
... dâyât [dâ-1]
9 (pot. ben. act. 3/1)
dãm [dâ-5]
9 (mA) wise, prudent; wisdom
dãma [dâman]
22 (NA, duA)
dãmi [-]
5 (IV) ? m. Creator, maker; creative (k283) [this form not listed in k]
dãn [dâ-2]
6 (3/3); (impf. act. 3/3) to support;
[dâ-1]
(Aor. 3/3)
dãstvãm [dãstvâ]
(A) f. knowledge (Kr147)
då [dâ-2]
12 (aor. act. 2/1); [dâ-1] (Aor. 2/1)
demânê [demâna]
6 (L) n. a house (GAv form of nmâna)
dim [ta]
98 (encl. pers. pron. mA) him
disyât [dis]
8 (impf. subj. act. 3/1, cl. 4,10) point, show, teach (JAR, k263)
dishti [-]
f. finger (dexterous)
diwzhat [diwzha]
5 (Abl) fraud, hypocrisy, deceit (k263, b747)
dî- [-]
(v. rt.) to see; to think; to show, cl. 3 (k264)
dîsh [ta]
77 (plA)
dôithra [-]
n. eye (k272)
... dôithrahe
5 (G)
... dôithrâbyô
5 (duD.Abl, f.pl.D.Abl)
draonô [draona]
9 (A) n. food (Herb.), food offering (JAR), sacred cake (k273)
drâjô [drâjangh]
30 (A) n. length, duration (k274)
dregvañtem [dregvañt]
5 (A) wicked (Kr), irreligious or evil, possessing druj (lit.)
... dregvatô
14 (GAv G, plA)
... dregvâitê
8 (D)
... dregvå
12 (N)
dreñjayôish [dreñj]
6 (pot. act. 2/1) to utter in a low voice (whisper) or mentally (k277)
drikhubyô [drikhu]
(plD) pious (Kr80), poor or needy person
druj [-]
f. deceit, lie; deceiver, lier; "druj", demoness (k276, b778)
... drujem
20 (A)
... drujemca
5 (A)
... drujim
12 (A) (c82)
... drujô
16 (G, plNA)
... druxsh
168 (ngv)
... drûjô
9 (G)
drvañtem [drvañt] = [dregvañt]
8 (StdAv A) (k277)
... drvañtô
24 (G, plNA)
... drvatat
7 (Abl)
drvatâtem [drvatât]
14 (A) f. soundness, health (k277)
drvatãm [drvañt]
24 (m.plG)
... drvatô
29 (G)
drvâspa [drvâspâ]
f. Drvaspa, a fem. Yazad (= gâush)
... drvâspãm
10 (A)
... drvâspe
7 (V)
drvå [drvañt]
18 (mN)
dukhdha [duxdhar]
6 (N) f. daughter (k265)
dushmainyunãm [dush-mainyu]
5 (plG) m. evil thinking (lit.), an enemy (k269) (evil-spirited!)
dushmataca [dushmata]
5 (plA) n. an evil thought
duye [dva]
33 (f.duA) (k279, b762)
duzhda [duzhdâ]
5 (mV) malignant (Kr), evil-knowing (k266)
... duzhdå
10 (mN)
... duzhdånghô
10 (m.plN)
duzhûxtaca [duzhûxta]
5 (plA) ill-spoken; an evil word
duzhvacanghô [duzhvacangh]
10 (G, plNA) evil speech; evil- speaking
duzhvarshtaca [duzhvarshta]
5 (plA) n. ill-done; evil deed
dûraêpârayå [dûraêpâra]
7 (fG) far for crossing or passing over (lit.), (this earth) whose ends lie far (k270)
dûraosha [-]
7 (V) removing pain, killer of pain (G. L. Windfuhr Acta Iranica 25, p702), (k271)
... dûraoshem
6 (mA)
... dûraoshô
7 (mN)
dûrât [dûra]
15 (Adv. Abl) far away (j731,4); from afar (k270)
dva [-]
39 (num. duNA) two (k279)
dvara [-]
n. door (k280)
dvãsaiti [dvãs]
11 (pres. act. 3/1) to run, to rush on, cl. 1

Avestan dictionary - E


erenâvi [ar]
8 (3/1 pass. aor.) to go; to get, to acquire; to grant
eresh [-]
(n.plA) true, just, moral, righteous (indeclinable); truthfulness (A)
... eresh-môi
20 () (tell) to me truly, (tell) to me plainly
eresh-vacå [eresh-vacangh]
(N) truthful speaker
erethê [-]
8 (fG) righteousness, truthfulness; also, the Yazad presiding over (k117)
erezatem [erezata]
5 (n(N)A) silver
erezu [-]
straight, straightforward
... erezûsh
5 (plA)
... erezvô
23 (V) right; (G) finger
everezike [everezika]
9 (fV) not working; lazy; powerless; disabled; inactive; incapable; useless

Avestan dictionary - F


ferashôtema [-]
n. most promotive, (freshest?)
... ferashôtemem
8 (nN)
ferâ [fra]
16 (adv.) pro; forward, forth, excessive; lengthwise, out of
ferâ vê râhî
I dedicate to you (k444)
fra-
(pref. & adv.) forth
fra-stu [e]
(v. rt.) to praise, to glorify (k538)
frabaraiti [fra-bar]
5 (pres. act. 3/1) to carry, to bring, to use; to make use of (k367)
... frabarat
12 (impf. act. 3/1)
... frabarât
8 (subj. act. 3/1)
... frabarô
5 (pres. part. act. mN)
... frabarôish
10 (pot. act. 2/1) should take, making use of
... frabarôit
7 (pot. act. 3/1)
frabdem [frabda]
8 (A) foot, instep
fraca
17 () excessively
[fra + ca]
and forth(?)
... fraca...stuye
praise; (k538)
fradatha [-]
n. growth, increase, prosperity
fradathaiti [fra-dâ]
5 (pres. act. 3/1) to give; to propagate (k255); (3/1) to create, to appoint, to establish (k256)
... fradathat
7 (impf. act. 3/1)
fradathâi [fradatha]
16 (NAD)
... fradathem
9 (nNA)
... fradathemca
9 (nNA)
fraêshtem [fraêshta]
15 (A) foremost; first; most; mostly (Bha)
fraêshyâmahî [fra-ish]
11 (pres. act. 1/3) we urge
fragâthremca [fragâthra]
6 (A) n. chanting, reciting; chant, recitation
frajasaiti [fra-jas]
6 (pres. act. 3/1) to go forward; to come near; to give birth to; accoucher (k191)
... frajasât
13 (impf. subj. 3/1)
frakârayôish [fra-kar]
7 (pot. act. 2/1) to draw circles or furrows around (k127)
framarethremca [framarethra]
6 (A) n. reciting, recalling mentally, remembrance (kol)
framarezaiti [fra-marez]
5 (pres. act. 3/1) to clear away, to cleanse (k398)
framraomi [fra-mrû]
6 (pres. act. 1/1) to speak, to speak loudly, to declare; to prefer (k415)
... framrava
5 (imp. act. 2/1)
... framruyå
6 (pot. act. 2/1)
... framrva
20 (imp. act. 2/1)
frangrase [frangrasyan]
10 (N) m. Franrasyan, King of Turan (k341)
franguharât [fra-hvar]
6 (subj. 3/1) to eat, to drink (k606)
fraoret
8 (indecl.) avowedly, making a profession of faith (ahm166); believingly, willingly, readily, choose, willing (k340); profess
fraourvaêshtrimâi [fraourvaêshtrima]
5 (D) which closes summer (k339), the furtherer (M.)
frapithwô [frapitu]
8 (L) m. in abundance (k344)
frasastayaêca [frasasti]
158 (D) f. praise, glorification (Dhabhar) [perhaps prayer, since fraseto ask] (k347); precept, teaching; fame (Bailey 23); satisfaction (HZI)
... frasastîm
5 (A)
frasnayeni [fra-snâ]
8 (imp. act. 1/1) I will cleanse or purify (k541)
... frasnâdhayen
19 (caus. 3/3) to wash; to cleanse
... frasnâtaêibya
12 (3/2)
frasraothremca [frasraothra]
6 (A) n. singing, intoning
frasrâvaya [fra-sru]
to recite (k555)
... frasrâvayôish
9 (pot. act. 2/1)
... frasrâvayôit
5 (pot. act. 3/1)
frastairyât [fra-star]
9 (pot. act. 3/1) to spread forth (the baresma); to bind up, to tie (k534); (pres.(?) part. nAbl)
frastareñti
7 ()
frastareta [-]
(past part. Adj.) (the baresma) spread (k348)
... frastaretem
19 (A)
frastavanô [fra-stu]
5 (pres. part. mid. mN) to praise, to glorify (k538)
frasteretât [frastareta]
9 (n.Abl)
frasha [-]
14 (I) forward; fresh, new
... frashem
7 (A)
frashô-carethrãm [frashô-caretar]
6 (plG) one who promotes (the renovation of the world) (k350)
frastuye [fra-stu]
(pres. mid. 1/1) I praise, I glorify
fratacaiti [fra-tac]
8 (pres. act. 3/1) to flow onward (k217)
... frataciñti
7 (3/3) flows
fratemem [fratema]
9 (ord. num. A) m. superl: foremost, uppermost, top; highest; leader/head
frateresaiti [fra-tares]
9 (pres. act. 3/1) to tremble (k221)
... fratereseñti
5 (3/3)
fravaocâma [fra-vac]
5 (impf. act. 1/3) we declare, we proclaim (k458)
fravarâne [fra-var]
46 (imp. mid. 1/1) I profess (HZI, k469)
fravarshta [fra-varez]
6 (past. part. n.plA) to abstain from (k471)
fravashi [e]
f. fravashi: guardian spirit or angel
... fravashayô
103 (plNA)
... fravashêe
12 (D)
... fravashibyô
19 (plD.Abl)
... fravashinãm
68 (plG)
... fravashîm
290 (A)
... fravashîmca
16 (A)
fravaxshyâ [fra-vaxsh]
7 (subj. 1/1) I shall speak out, I shall proclaim; to grow up (k454)
fravazaite [fra-vaz]
5 (pres. mid. 3/1) to go (k461)
fravâkâi [fravâka]
5 (D) word, admonition, advice (k346); n. pronouncing, recital (JAR)
... fravâkem
5 (A)
fraxshne [fraxshan]
7 (L) n. growth (k340)
fraxshni [fraxshnin]
7 (L) foreknowing (ahm166); growth
frayãn [frâ]
5 (subj. 3/3) to go, to move, to walk about; cl. 4 (k350)
frazâbaodhanghem [frazâ-baodha]
8 (A) fainting, swooning
frâ
68 (adv. & pref.) forwards, forth (j750); free, distinct from (k351)
frâ-mê
35 ()
frâ-mrû [-]
(v. rt.) to instruct (Herb.)
frâ-tê
11 ()
frâ-vâ
7 ()
frâ-zî
11 ()
frâdat-fshave [frâdat-fshu]
8 (D) m. (a Yazad) giving relief to beasts (k352)
... frâdat-fshâum
5 (A)
frâdat-gaêtha [-]
furthering the world, making the world prosperous
... frâdat-gaêthahe
15 (G)
... frâdat-gaêthayå
13 (G)
... frâdat-gaêthãm
13 (A)
... frâdat-gaêthem
23 (A)
frâdat-vîra [-]
m. rendering men prosperous and happy, name of a Yazad
... frâdat-vîrâi
7 (D)
... frâdat-vîrem
5 (A)
frâdat-vîspãm-hujyâiti [-]
f. rendering all the necessities of life thriving; the Yazad presiding over the same (k352)
... frâdat-vîspãm-hujyâtêe
5 (D)
frâdh [-]
(vb. rt. cl. 1) increase, promote, to render prosperous (k352)
... frâdhatica
6 (pres. act. 3/1)
frâkereñtat [fra-kareñt]
20 (3/1) to counter-create (k128); glowing (t121)
frâmraot [fra-mrû]
10 (impf. act. 3/1) to declare (k414)
frâshmish [frâshmi]
6 (N) glowing (AHM 233)
frâshmô-dâitîm [frâshmô-dâiti]
6 (A) f. the time after sunset, 1st quarter of night
frâshnaoiti [fra-ash]
20 (3/1) pres. to rush forth (k60)
frâthweresem [fra-thwares]
16 (impf. act. 1/1) to create
frâyashtîmca [frâyashti]
6 (A) f. invocation, praise (k354)
frâyazâite [fra-ýaz]
13 (subj. 3/1) to worship (AHM), to praise highly, to invoke, to shall upon (k420)
... frâyazâne
7 (imp. 1/1)
frâyô-humatô [frâyô-humata]
7 (mN) whose good thoughts exceed (his evil ones) (Kr43), rich in good thoughts (k354)
frâyô-hûxtô [frâyô-huxta]
6 (mN) whose good words exceed (his evil ones) (Kr43), rich in good words (k354)
frâyô-hvarshtô [frâyô-hvarshta]
6 (mN) whose good deeds exceed (his evil ones) (Kr43), rich in good deeds (k354)
frêna [-]
7 (I) abundance, a large quantity (k356); (but see ahm177:) (I) "because of"; "full of"
frênyå [frênî]
5 (G) Freni, eldest daughter of Zarathushtra (k356)
frithô [fritha]
5 (mN) beloved, affectionate (k355)
frô
6 (adv.) much, properly; well; forward (k357)
fryô [frî]
9 (plN) prayer, benediction (k356);
[frya]
(mN) dear (Kr), beloved, affectionate; a friend, a well-wisher (k357)
fshtânem [fshtâna]
8 (A) m. knob, nipple (k359)
fshuyañtem [fshuyañt]
5 (A) rendering prosperous; thrifty; epithet of vastrya (k358)
... fshuyañtô
9 (G)
... fshuyãs
8 (N)

Avestan dictionary - G


gadhwa [gadhwâ]
11 (N) f. a bitch; female dog (k163)
... gadhwãm
6 (A)
gaêm [gaya]
6 (A) m. life (k164)
gaêthanãm [gaêthâ]
54 (pl.G) f. possessions (Herb.), worldly creatures (Kr), being, living creature, herd; world (JAR)
... gaêthayå
5 (G)
... gaêthâbyô
11 (pl.D.Abl)
... gaêthãm
7 (A)
... gaêthå
38 (pl.NA)
gaêthîm [gaêthya]
7 (mA) earthly, mundane (k159)
... gaêthyaêibyascâ
6 (m.pl.D)
... gaêthyanãm
7 (m.plG)
gaêthyâi [gaêthâ]
10 (D)
gairi [-]
m. f. mountain (k158)
... gairinãm
20 (plG)
... gairish
5 (N)
... gairîm
16 (A)
gao [-]
m.f. show, ox, cattle (k159)
gaocithra [-]
m. (the moon) that keeps in it the seed of the cattle (k160)
... gaocithrahe
10 (G)
... gaocithrem
11 (A)
gaomavaitibyô [gaomavañt]
6 (f.pl.Abl) containing flesh (vn), rich in flocks or herds; provided with milk (k161)
... gaomavaitîsh
6 (f.pl.A)
gaonem [gaona]
6 (A) color (JAR); gain, benefit, riches, increase; sort (k161)
gaoshem [gaosha]
12 (A) m. ear (k162)
gaoshô-srûtahe [gaoshô-srûta]
5 (mG) heard, listened to (k162, k556)
gaoyaoiti [-]
pasture, field; a distance of 4 miles (k161)
... gaoyaoitinãmca
5 (plG)
... gaoyaoitîshca
5 (plA)
garayô [gairi]
12 (plNA,f.plA) mountains
garô [gar]
17 (G) gravity, respect, invocation; [garangh]
(A) throat, respect (k164-5)
garô-nmâna [-]
n. house of song (lit.), the highest heaven
garôish [gairi]
15 (mG) mountain
gava [gao, gâu]
27 (I, duN) cow, bull, ox; settlement
... gavãm
24 (plG) (j81)
... gave
24 (D)
... gavôi
7 (GAv D)
gaya [-]
6 (mI) life
... gayehe
17 (G) "gayehe marathnô" primeval man
gâma [-]
14 (I,duA) m. step? (k170)
... gâmãn
5 (plA)
gâtava [gâtu]
5 (L, plN)
gâtu [-]
m. way, road (Kr12); place (jAR) (k169)
... gâtubyô
6 (pl.D.Abl)
... gâtush
9 (N, plA)
... gâtûm
22 (A)
... gâtvô
19 (L, plA)
gâthanãm [gâthâ]
26 (plG) f. 'strophic form, hymn of a certain strophic form, group of hymns of the same strophic form', but ved. gatha- 'song' (Hum), specific hymns composed by Z; last 5 days of the year
... gâthanãmca
12 (plG)
... gâthayå
33 (G)
... gâthâhva
17 (plL)
... gâthãm
32 (A)
... gâthå
30 (plNA)
gâush [gao]
19 (ngG(V))
... gãm
41 (A)
... gãmca
13 (A)
geredhmahi [garedh]
7 (pres. act. 1/3) to hold (orig); to accept, to welcome; to take up, to undertake
gêush [gao]
84 (m.fG)
... gêushca
23 (G)
... gêushcâ
13 (G)
gram
(past part. adj.) enraged (AHM), angered (jAR), to growl in rage
... grañtahe
6 (G)
... grañtô
15 (N)
ghenãnãmca [ghenâ]
9 (plG) f. and of women (comp. nâirî)
ghzhârayatbyô [ghzhar]
10 (pres. part. plAbl) to flow; to milk

Avestan dictionary - H


hac [-]
(v. rt.) to follow, to accompany; cl. 1 (k568)
haca
453 (prep. with I, Abl) from
hacahi [hac]
11 (pres. act. 2/1)
... hacaite
11 (pres. mid. 3/1)
... hacaiti
5 (pres. act. 3/1)
hacat-paêmanyãm [hacat-paêmainya]
5 (fA) obtaining milk (lit.); rich in milk (k569)
hacat-puthrãm [hacat-puthra]
5 (fA) rich in children, blessed with children (k569)
hacâ
53 (prep.) from, out of (GAv)
hacimnanãm [hac]
6 (pres. part. mid. plG)
... hacimnô
10 (pres. part. mid. mN)
hadha [-]
16 (prep., adv.) with; always; during (k575)
hadha-aiwyånghanem
7 (A) with the Aiwyaonghana (= kusti or sacred thread) (k575)
hadha-cithanãm [hadha-cithâ]
6 (plG) f. with the punishment or penalty
hadha-zaothrem [hadha-zaothra]
9 (nA) accompanied with the zaothra (k575)
hadha-zaothrô-barâi
17 () (he/she) offers libations
hadhânaêpatavaitîsh [hadhânaêpatavañt]
6 (f.plA) with the Hadhanaepata (k576)
hadhânaêpatayå [hadhânaêpatâ]
5 (G) f. a sweet smelling wood; pomegranate tree (trad.); evergreen (lit). (k576)
... hadhânaêpatãm
9 (A)
haêm [-]
16 (N) n. character, habit
haênayå [haênâ]
8 (G) f. an army; enemy (AHM187), hostile army (t143, k563)
haitîm [hañt]
10 (fA) being, existing, living, real, evident (k573)
haithîm [haithya]
10 (mA) real (vn, ahm190); (adv.) really, evidently, openly (k561)
... haithyâ
5 (I)
haithyâvarshtãm [haithyâvarshta]
(plG) one who practices virtuous deeds (k561); (Hum2 189: [haithyâvarez-]
fulfilling ones duty)
hakat [-]
17 (indecl. adv.) forthwith; immediately, at once (k566)
hakeret [-]
14 (adv. indecl.) once (c31), sometimes (k566)
hama [-]
13 (N) f. summer (k578); (plN) all, whole, even, same, similar
hamaêstârem [hamaêstar]
6 (A) n. opponent, combatant (ahm192, k579)
hamaspathmaêdaêm [hamaspathmaêdaya]
5 (A) m. Hamaspathmaidyem, All Souls Observance (k579)
... hamaspathmaêdayâi
5 (D)
... hamaspathmaêdayehe
5 (G)
hamatha [-]
18 (indecl. adv.) alike, similar, exactly; always (k579, b1774)
hamem [hama]
9 (NA) all, whole, every, similar, same (k578)
hamerethanãm [ham-eretha]
8 (plG) m. enemies; foes (b1776)
hamistayaêca [hamisti]
22 (D) f. encountering, confrontation, fighting against (b1778)
hañdareza [-]
9 (plA) n. coining or mixing together, uniting (k573, b1771)
hañdâtâ
16 (I) arranged; canonical (b1772)
hañcamana [-]
n. meeting (mn. anjuman)
hañkârayemi [kañ-kar]
72 (1/1) to complete (H. & M.), to offer, to dedicate (D.), to announce to (Sp.), to pay homage; to welcome (Kama) (k126, b1770)
hañt
being, existing, living; real; a person (k572)
haom [hava]
10 (A) one's own
haoma [-]
39 (V, duN, plA) m. Haoma, a sacred plant (k563)
... haomahe
12 (G)
haomavaitibyô [haomavañt]
6 (plAbl) accompanied with the Haoma (k565)
... haomavaitîsh
6 (plA)
haomayô
21 (I) probably corrupt, read "haoma ýô gava" with haoma (that is mixed with) milk (t91). AHM163 reads: "haomayo-gav-" (I) with haoma containing milk)
haomâi [haoma]
12 (D)
... haomât
5 (Abl)
... haomã
11 (plA)
... haomãsca
5 (plA)
... haomem
21 (A)
... haomemca
14 (A)
... haomô
30 (N)
haomyãm [haomya]
10 (fA) relating to the Haoma; of the Haoma (k565)
haosrava [haosravangh]
10 (N) a proper name (k600)
haosravanghahe [haosravangha]
6 (G) glory (t93); fair fame, good renoun; a lake; a proper name
... haosravanghem
7 (NA)
haoshyanghô [haoshyangha]
5 (N) m. proper name (k566)
haoyaca [havya]
6 (I) left (vs. right) (k583)
... haoyãm
13 (fA)
hapta [haptan]
45 (num. m.plNA) seven (k577)
haptanghâitîm [haptanghâiti]
9 (A) m. 'the seven chapters'
... haptanghâtôish
8 (G)
haptathem [haptatha]
7 (mnA) seventh (c29, k577)
haptâitîm [haptâiti]
20 (ord. num. A) seventy (k578)
haraithyô [haraitî]
9 (G) f. a mountain, Mount Alborz (k581)
harãm [harâ]
8 (A) f. Hara, name of legendary mountains (k581, b1788)
harethrem [harethra]
24 (A) m. nourishment, food, support (k582)
hathra [-]
57 (adv., prep.) together, together with, at the same time; (adv. Ins. compound) thither; united (k574)
haurva [-]
all, entire, complete (k562)
haurvata [haurvatât, haurvat]
11 (duNA) f. wholeness, fullness, completeness; abundance; health, comfort, ease; 6th Amesha Spenta (k562)
... haurvatâtem
7 (A)
... haurvatâtô
8 (G)
... haurvâtâ
10 (duA)
haurvãm [haurva]
6 (A) all, entire, complete
hava
9 (poss. pron. fNI) one's own (see "haom", see also "h'a") (I) own
... havahe
6 (G)
... havaheca
5 (G)
... havanãm
5 (plG)
... havâi
10 (D)
... havãm
5 (fA)
... havô
7 (N)
haxaya [haxan, haxi]
17 (plNA) a friend, a companion (k567); (du) two friends (Kr)
haxem [haxa]
8 (A) m. sole of the foot (k567)
haxma [haxman]
5 (A) n. friendship; companionship
haxshôit [hac]
6 (fut. pot. act. 3/1) to follow, to lead (k568);
upa ... haxshôit
to issue, to spring, to proceed
hazangra [-]
7 (num. plA) n. 1000
hazangra-gaoshem [hazangra-gaosha]
10 (mA) 1000 ears
hazangrakhnâi [hazangrakhna]
8 (D) 1000 times
... hazangrakhnâishca
8 (plI)
hazangrâi [hazangra]
9 (D) 1000
... hazangrem
112 (A)
... hazangremca
5 (A)
... hazangre
5 (duA)
hazangrô-gaoshahe [hazangra-gaosha]
9 (mG) 1000 ears
hâ [ta]
85 (fN) also, a sort of interjection (justi)
hâirishî [-]
f. a female (k584)
... hâirishinãm
5 (plG)
hâitishca [haiti]
9 (plA) f. a chapter (k584)
hâitîm [hañt]
21 (fâ, f.plA) being, existing, living; real (k572); [hâiti]
(plA) a chapter, a section (k584); [ah]
(pres. part. act. fA)
hâmô [hama, hâma]
7 (mN) all, whole; same (k578)
hâtãm [hañt]
98 (plG) of beings
hâthrem [hâthra]
7 (A) n. a measure of distance or time of travel (Herb.)
hâthrô-masanghem [hâthrô-masangh]
5 (A) m. one hathra long (k585, b1803)
hâu [-]
44 (N) he, she; this, that; (a rare form, used in the SgN both masc and fem); there, in that place k585)
hâvana [-]
23 (î, duN) m. mortar (k586)
... hâvanaêibya
6 (duI)
hâvanêe [hâvani]
21 (D) m. Hawan, the morning watch; morning (k586)
... hâvanîm
12 (A)
... hâvanôish
9 (G)
hâvôya [-]
10 (I) left (vs. right) (k586)
hãm [hañ]
23 (adv., prep.) with, together with (k571)
... hãm-
(pref.)
hãm-bavaiñti [hãm-bû]
5 (pres. 3/1) to go together, to meet together (k377)
hãm-raêthwayeiti [hãm-raêthwa]
9 (caus. pres. act. 3/1) to be polluted by direct defilement (k434, k604)
hãs [ah]
5 (pres. part. act. mN)
... heñti
114 (ind. pres. act. 3/3) we are
... heñticâ
5 (3/3)
... heñtî
9 (3/3)
herezayen [harez]
6 (pot. act. 3/3) (k581)
hêm [hañ]
7 (GAv form)
he [ta]
27 (encl. DG) for him, for her, his, hers
... hê
343 (DG, fD)
hiñdu [-]
m. Indus river
hishtahi [stâ]
(pres. act. 2/1, cl. 3) to rise (t35), to stand (AHM) (k535)
... hishtaite [stâ]
15 (pres. indic. mid. 3/1)
... hishteñta
5 (impf. mid. 3/3)
... hishteñte
5 (pres. mid. 3/3)
... hishteñti
8 (pres. act. 3/3)
hitaêibyô [hita]
5 (plD) teams (Kr), bound (lit.) (k589)
hizvâ [-]
5 (NI) f. tongue (k588)
... hizvãm
7 (A)
... hizvô
8 (G)
hî [ta]
6 (GAv encl. fN, duNAv) 3rd person: he/she/it
... hîm
50 (fA) she
... hîsh
19 (fplNA, mn.plA)
... hô [ta]
88 (mN) he; he-man
... hô-nâ
8 () he; he-man
... hôi
30 (GAv dhG)
hôyum [havya]
41 (nA) left (vs. right)
hubaoidhitemanãm [hubaoidhitema]
5 (super. adj. f.plG) sweetest of odor (k597)
hudå [hudhångh]
14 (N) benign (Kr), munificent (Hum 8); 1: belonging to the good creation; 2: possessing good sense; judicious (k593)
... hudhånghem
16 (A)
... hudhånghe
5 (D)
... hudhånghô
30 (G, plV)
hufrâyashtãm [hufrâyashta]
8 (fA) well-praised; well- invoked (k596)
hukairyât [hukairya]
6 (Abl) n. from Mount Hukar (k591)
hukeretanãm [hukereta]
6 (f.plG) well-made, well shaped (k591)
humananghô [humanangh]
6 (mG) of good thoughts; well-minded (k598)
humata [-]
5 (plA) n. good thought, well-thought (k597)
... humataca
6 (plA)
... humatanãm
13 (plG)
... humatâishca
5 (plI)
... humatem
5 (NA)
humaya [-]
6 (plNA) n. possessed of good "mâyâ" (HZI); a good ordinance; a wise code of laws (k598)
hunûta [hav]
8 (3/1) express (the haoma) (b1781)
huraodha [-]
17 (fN) fair of form (Kr, JAR), of lovely form (HZI), beautiful, good looking (k599)
... huraodhahe
14 (mG)
... huraodhayå
7 (fG)
... huraodhãm
7 (fA)
... huraodhem
37 (mA)
hushiti [-]
f. good abode (k600)
... hushitîm
8 (A)
... hushitôish
13 (G)
hushanãm [hushka]
6 (plG) dry (k601, b1839)
hutashta [-]
well-shapen; beautifully formed (k593)
... hutashtem
8 (mA)
... hutâshtahe
14 (mG)
huxshathra [-]
m. of good reign (Kr), a good king, a virtuous ruler (k591)
... huxshathraêibyô
5 (plD)
... huxshathrâ
21 (plNA)
... huxshathrôtemâi
6 (D superl) name of the prayer Y35.5
huyashta [-]
5 (mI) well adored, well praised (k598), well offered (jAR)
hû [hvar]
20 (G) n. Sun (k606); [hû]
(NG) m. swine (disyllabic)
... hûrô
6 (G)
hûxta [-]
5 (plN) n. good word
... hûxtaca
6 (plA)
... hûxtâishca
5 (plI)
... hûxtem
5 (NA)
hva [-]
9 (fN, duN) (poss. pronominal adj.) own (reflex pronoun) self (viz. myself, thyself, himself, itself) (but see AHM 157, n.3)
hvar [-]
n. sun, glow
... hvare
25 (NA)
... hvareca
19 (NA)
hvarexshaêtahe [hvare-xshaêta]
9 (G) n. radiant sun (HZI), bright-sun (k)
... hvarexshaêtem
17 (A)
hvarshta [-]
10 (plA) n. a good deed; a moral action; well done
... hvarshtaca
6 (plA)
... hvarshtâishca
5 (plI)
... hvarshtå
5 (fplA)
... hvarshtem
5 (NA)
hvâpah [-]
(StdAv) artistic, skilled skillful; artist (GAv) (Hum2 150); well-working (Bha.) possessing intrinsic merit; well-skilled; working wonders
... hvâpå
6 (N)
hvãm [hva]
22 (fA)
hvãthwô [hvãthwa]
11 (mN) provided with good retinue; otherwise: watching over the subjects (k611)
hvô [hva]
46 (N) that
hyat
109 (an indefinite pronoun of the neuter gender, mostly used in the Gatha dialect, implying:) 'that which'; (also used as a participle, which following different meanings:) therefore, consequently; thereby; when; from the time; because; that is, i.e.; (as a connecting particle between a noun and its qualifying adjective, e.g.:) "manascâ hyat vahishtem"; (in several instances, used as an expletive in the Gathas for the purpose of scansion (Sp.)) (k605)
... hyatcâ
7
hyât [ah]
12 (opt. pres. act. 3/1) to be
... h'yât
7 (opt. pres. act. 3/1)

Avestan dictionary - I


idha [-]
88 (adv.) here; now (k88)
... idhâ
18 (pseudo-GAv, GAv: idâ) (kr105)
ima [, aêm]
8 (pron.; adv. duNAv) this (j422)
... imat
74 (n.NAV)
... imâ
6 (n.Pl.A)
... imã
32 (plA)
... imãm
44 (fA)
... imãmcâ
19 (fA)
... imå
37 (plNA, f.Pl.A)
... imem
13 (A)
... ime
28 (plNA)
irista [irith]
31 (p.p. plNA) dead, expired (k90)
... iristahe
7 (mG) gava iristahe
obtaining from the show
... iristanãm
11 (m.plG)
... iristem
13 (mA)
... iriste
5 (plN)
irish [-]
(vb. rt.) to wound; to destroy or kill by wounding; cl. 4 (k90); damaged (Herb.)
... irishyât
7 (impf. subj. act. 3/1)
... irishyeiti
6 (pres. act. 3/1)
irith- [-]
(vb. rt.) to pass away, to die (jAR, vn); to ooze out, to flow; cl. 4 (k89)
... irithyât
8 (impf. subj. act. 3/1)
... irithyeiti
10 (pres. act. 3/1)
is [-]
(vb. rt.) to wish, to desire; cl. 6 (k91)
... isemnô
11 (pres. part. mid. mN)
isa
to seek, look for (Herb.)
ishtô [ishta]
10 (mN) worshipped (Kr), wished for, desired, beloved (k93)
ish [-]
(inchoative verb) urge, cl. 6 (k92)
... ishaiti
7 (pres. act. 3/1)
ishare [-]
5 (adv.) soon, immediately, directly (k92)
ishîm [ishya]
6 (mA) agreeable, welcome (k93)
ishûidyâmahî [-]
5 (denom. vb. pres. act. 1/3) we are indebted
ishya [-]
agreeable, welcome (k93)
... ishyehe
6 (G)
... ishyô
11 (mN)
itha
19 (adv.) so, thus, in this manner (k88)
... ithâ
10 (GAv)
ithra [-]
21 (adv.) in this place; here, there (k88)
izha [-]
abundance, milk-libation; used metaphorically as the name of a mythical person of female sex in Y50.8 (Hum2 124); wish, desire; abundance, prosperity, comfort; food (k94)
... izhâca
8 (fN)
î [-]
(v. rt.) to go, walk
îm [aêm]
25 (fN) this (k94)
îsh
7 (plA) this, that
îshti
possessions (Kr)
... îshtish
6 (N)
... îshtîm
12 (A)
ît [aêm]
11 (nNA) this, that (k94)
îzhâ [-]
milk offerings (Kr); sacrifice / Sacrifice; wish, desire; abundance, prosperity, comfort; food (k94)
... îzhâcâ
(fN?); also, [izha] 6 (fN)

Avestan dictionary - J


jafrahe [jafra]
6 (nG) deep (k188)
jakhaurvånghem [gar]
33 (perf. part. act. adj. mA) waking (k164)
jakhmûshîmca [gam]
12 (perf. part. act. adj. fA) advanced; going; coming (k163)
jahi [-]
11 (NAV) a rake, a libertine, one who leads a licentious life (k191) a prostitute
jahika [-]
12 (N) a licentious or immoral man or woman (k191)
jaidhi [jan]
6 (imp. act. 2/1) smite thou (k187)
jaidhyañtâi [jad]
23 (vb. cl. 4, pres. part. act. mdh) ask, pray, demand (k186)
... jaidhyat
29 (impf. act. 3/1)
... jaidhyemi
7 (pres. act. 1/1)
jaiñti [jan]
53 (pres. indic. act. 3/1) smiting, striking
jam [-]
(vb. rt. cl. 2,1, inchoat.) to go; to come; to reach, to happen (k188); rt. "jam" is, in many forms, changed to "jas" q.v.
... âca nô jamyå
(ben. act. 2/1),
... âca nô jamyât
(3/1)
[â-jam]
to come to; to approach
... jamyât
42 (ben. act. 3/1)
jan [-]
(vb. rt. cl. 2); to smite, to strike
... janaiti
6 (subj. pres. act. 3/1)
... janat
21 (impf. act. 3/1)
... janâni
5 (impf. act. 1/1, pres. subj. act?)
... janât
24 (impf. subj. 3/1)
janat, ni janât
to crush down, to destroy
jañtû [jam]
6 (imper. act. 3/1) (k188)
jas [-]
(vb. rt. inchoat.) to go; to come; to reach; to happen; another form of "jam" q.v.; cl. 1 (k189)
... jasa
(imp. act. 2/1)
... jasa-mê
13 (imp. act. 2/1)
... jasaiti
13 (pres. act. 3/1)
... jasat
13 (pres. subj. act. 3/1)
... jasâi
5 (pres. subj. mid. 1/1)
... jasât
9 (subj. 3/1)
... jaseñtem
5 (pres. part. act. A)
... jasô
6 (pres. part. act. N); go!
... jasôit
8 (pot. act. 3/1)
... hãm ... jas
to meet together; to come together
... pairi ... jas
see pairi-jas
... uz-jas, jasat
to grow up; to be born (Sp., H., & D.)
... vî ... jas
to spread all over; to go over
jâmâspa
(pr. n.) Jamaspa (k192)
... jâmâspô
5 (N)
jãfnavô [jãfnu]
6 (plN) f. depth (k194)
jimat [jim]
6 (impf. act. 3/1) to go, to come, to happen; to acquire. Form of "jam"; cl. 6
jîvyãm [jivya]
8 (fA) f. living (lit.); fresh milk (k193)
juyô [juya]
6 (mN) living (k193)
jvañtem [jvañt]
8 (pres. part. adj. A) living, existing; cl. 6
jvô [jva]
8 (N) m. living, alive

Avestan dictionary - K


ka
(interr. pron.) who; which; what; (indefinite pron.) whoever, whichever (k121, j406)
kadâ [kadha]
6 (adv.) where? when? (k124)
... kadha
13 (adv.)
... kadha-nô
6 (adv.)
kahe [ka]
6 (mG) who
... kahmâi
25 (mD)
... kahmâicit
15 (D)
... kahmâicît
6 (D)
... kahmât
16 (Abl)
... kahmi
(L)
kaine [kanyâ]
9 (N) f. a virgin, a maiden (k125)
kainînem [kainin]
5 (A) f. a virgin, a maiden (k122)
... kainînô
6 (G, plN)
-kairya
(suffix) -working; industrious, active, skill
kaiti [-]
f. love, affection, friendship (k122)
kam
(verb root) to love, to be in love with, to wish (k125)
kameredhem [kameredha]
7 (A) evil head (Kr), the head (of bad beings); the brainless head (k125), skull, cranium (jAR)
... kameredhe
11 (L)
kan
(v. rt.) to desire, prefer, select (Herb., k124); cl. 1 & 2
kana [ka]
10 (mI) who
kanyå [kanyâ]
8 (plNA?) f. a virgin, a maiden (k130)
kaoyãm [kavan, kavi]
11 (plG) m. kavi (k130)
kar
(v. rt.) to do, to make, to create; to produce; cl. 5 (k126)
-kara
(suffix) -working; -producing; -energetic (k127)
karafnãmca [karapan]
15 (plG) karpan (k127); mumbler (AHM185)
karana [-]
6 (duA, plA) side, flank (t119), corner, boundary, end (k127)
karshvare [-]
17 (A) n. a region, a country, continent, (AHM:) clime
... karshvãn [-]
14 (plA)
kascit [ka]
5 (N) ka
+ cit
= who/which ever
kashem [kasha]
8 (A) m. the armpit (k131)
katarascit [katâra]
5 (interr. pron. N) which (k123)
... katârô
5 (N)
kat [ka]
67 (conj.) question marker; with genetive: what of (a subject) (Herb.)
katha [-]
22 (adv.) how? how much? when? (k124)
... kathaca
5 (adv.)
... kathâ
10 (adv.)
kava [kavan, kavi, kavaya]
38 (N) ancient Persian dynasty, Kayanian; name of illustrious person; hymn-monger (AHM185)
... kavaêm
44 (A, nNA)
... kavôish
22 (G)
kaya [ka]
12 (plN)
... kâ
43 (f.Sg.N, mI) who
kâ [-]
(verb root) to love, to like; [ka]
(fN) who) kâ-hê
39 kâ
+ hê
kâcit
7 kâ
+ cit kâm [ka]
5 (GAv fA)
kârayeiti [kar-2]
8 (caus. pres. indic. act. 3/1) to sow, to cultivate (k126)
kâvayeheca [kavan]
14 (nG)
kãmcit [ka]
16 (fA, plG) someone, anyone
kehrp [-]
form, shape; body, flesh, corpse (k136)
... kehrpa
51 (I)
... kehrpem
32 (A)
kem [ka]
(A) whom
... kemcit
20 (A)
kerefsh-hvarô [kerefsh-hvar]
24 (G, plN) corpse-eating (k135)
kerenaoiti [kar]
24 (pres. indic. act. 3/1)
... kerenaomi
5 (pres. act. 1/1)
... kerenaot
13 (pret. ind. (injunct.) act. 3/1)
... kerenavâni
9 (impf. act. 1/1)
... kerenavât
10 (subj. 3/1)
kereñtât [kereñt]
6 (subj. act. 3/1) to shut or open, operate (surgically)
keresâspa [-]
(pr. n.) (k136)
... keresâspô
9 (N)
kê [ka]
22 (N)
kêm-nâ
9 kem
+ nâ
kô [ka]
53 (mN)
kutha [-]
53 (adv.) how? when? (Cf. katha where? (k134)
kuthra [-]
8 (adv.) where, whither? how? (Cf. katha) (k134)
... kuthrâ
9 (adv.)
kva
72 (adv.) where? which? how?

Avestan dictionary - M


madhemô [madhema]
5 (mN/A?) middlemost (k393)
madhô [madha]
9 (sg.pl.N) remedy, intoxication, drug (jhp)
maêsmana [maêsman]
21 (I) n. urine (k387)
maêthananãmca [maêthana]
6 (plG) n. station, dwelling (t27, t87), abode, residence (k387)
... maêthanem
14 (NA)
makha [-]
10 (du,plA) a pit; hole (k388)
... makhem
16 (A)
mahî [ah]
13 (pres. act. 1/3) to be
mahrka [-]
m. death (k402)
... mahrkâi
10 (D)
maibyô [ma]
7 (D) my (k382)
maidhya [-]
m. middle, half (k383)
... maidhyâi
7 (D)
maidhyâiryâi
5 (D) Maidyarem, mid-year observance
maidhyôi [maidhya]
5 (mL)
maidhyôishemâi [maidhyôishema]
5 (D) n. Maidyoshahem, mid-summer observance (k384)
maidhyôizaremaêm [maidhyôizaremaya]
5 (A) n. Maidyozarem, mid-spring observance (k383)
... maidhyôizaremayâi
5 (D)
mainyaoibyascâ [mainyava]
6 (pldh) celestial (t32), supernatural (ahm170), spiritual (k385)
... mainyaom
7 (mA)
... mainyava
9 (fN, m.plNA)
... mainyavaca
5 (m.plA)
... mainyavanãm
18 (m.n.plG)
mainyavaså [mainyava
+ vasangh, mainyavasangh]
16 (mN) swift flying (k384) (AHM:) supernatural (perhaps: spiritually directed)
mainyavô [mainyava]
8 (mN)
mainyêush [mainyu]
43 (G) m. spirit, spiritual, invisible (k385)
... mainyô
21 (v)
... mainyush
67 (N)
... mainyû
41 (IV,duNAv)
... mainyûm
10 (A)
mairya
2 words merged: 1) mairyâ
(f. adj.) 'deceitful'; 2) 'nave, scoundrel, rogue, villain' daevish noun for man (ahm152); instrument for killing snakes or punishing criminals; snake
... mairîm
5 (A)
... mairyô
22 (N)
man-
(v. rt.) 1. to think; 2. to resemble
mana [azem]
18 (GAbl) me
manahîm [manahya]
6 (A) spiritual (b1133)
manangha [manangh]
11 (I) n. thought (Hum, AHM), mind, thinking, thoughts, purpose (Boyce) (b1126, k394)
... mananghascâ
6 (G)
... mananghâ
90 (GAv I)
... mananghe
8 (D)
... mananghô
93 (G)
... manascâ
6 (NA)
... manå
9 (plNA)
manivå [mainyava]
6 (duG) spirit
manô [manangh]
90 (NA)
manyêush [mainyava]
20 (mG)
mañtâ [man]
5 (root Aor. mid. 3/1) to think: contemplated, intended, projected (k393)
mar-
(v. rt.) to die
marethremca [marethra]
6 (A) n. remembrance, study, recollection (k399)
mareza [-]
(v. rt., cl. 1) to touch, to limit, to arrive at a certain limit; to clean (lit.); to make, to prepare (k398)
... marezat
5 (impf. act. 3/1)
marzhdikâi []
m.n. mercy
masanaca [masan]
18 (I) n. greatness (k400)
masô [mas]
10 (G) large, great, extensive; [masangh]
(fG) n. size, greatness (k400)
mastîm [masti]
5 (A) f. greatness, excellence (k401), wisdom (jAR)
masyô [masya]
10 (N) m. fish (k401)
mashîm [mashya]
6 (A) m. mortal, man (k401)
... mashya
8 (plN)
... mashyâca
11 (plN)
... mashyâi
8 (D)
... mashyâka
39 (NV, plNV)
... mashyânãm
41 (plG)
... mashyânãmca
26 (plG)
... mashyehe
23 (G)
... mashyô
28 (N)
mat [-]
55 (prep. with I, Abl, G) with (j735, k391); [azem]
(Abl) I
mat-afsmanãm [mat-afsmana]
5 (fA) with its measured verses (k391)
mat-âzaiñtîm [mat-âzaiñti]
7 (fA) with their commentary (k391)
mat-vacastashtîm [mat-vacastashti]
7 (A) with its stanzas (k392)
mazda [mazdâ]
78 (V) Mazda (k390)
mazdadhâta [-]
37 (mNIV, fNV, nI, nplA) Mazda-made (k389)
... mazdadhâtahe
75 (m.nG)
... mazdadhâtanãm
40 (m.f.n.plG)
... mazdadhâtayå
27 (fG)
... mazdadhâtãm
27 (fA)
... mazdadhâtå
18 (f.plNA)
... mazdadhâtem
77 (nNA, mA)
... mazdadhâte
5 (fV)
... mazdadhâtô
8 (mN)
mazdayasna [-]
77 (plNAV) m. a Mazda-worshipper (k390)
... mazdayasnaêibyô
7 (pl.D.Abl)
... mazdayasnanãm
21 (plG)
... mazdayasnâish
6 (plI)
... mazdayasnô
28 (N)
mazdâ [-]
181 (v) f. (m.) Mazda, God; Omniscient (k389)
... mazdâi
41 (D)
... mazdãm
112 (A)
... mazdå
808 (NG)
... mazdåscâ
7 (NGV, plNV (GAv))
mazdô-frasâsta [-]
8 (plN) taught by Mazda (k391)
mazishta [-]
25 (nI, mV, plNA) greatest
... mazishtaca
6 (plN, n.plN)
... mazishtem
11 (nNA, mA)
... mazishtô
5 (mN)
130 (emph. particle) !; (negative particle/prohibitive) never (do this)!, not (k403); [azem]
(pron. A, plA) me; [ma]
(mN, n.plA) my (k382)
... mâ-cish
5 (imp. indef. neg.) no one
mâ-nô
7 ()
mâca
5 ()
mâh [-]
m. moon, month (k403 gives base form as [mångh]
mâhya [-]
8 (plA) monthly (k405)
... mâhyaêibyô
5 (plD)
... mâhyanãmca
15 (plG)
mâvôya [ma]
9 (D, fplA) me (k382)
mâzainyanãm [mâzainya]
8 (m.plG) monstrous (Kr85), (the demons) of Mazana (k404)
mâzdayasnish [mâzdayasni]
9 (N) Mazda-worshipper (k404)
... mâzdayasnîm
36 (fA)
... mâzdayasnôish
66 (fG)
mãm [azem]
97 (pers. pron. A) me
mãnayen [man-]
25 (cl. 4, pret. & inc. act. 3/3) to resemble; to compare; as denom, base of "man", (part. Sg. n) look (like) (b280, t142), make believe (jAR)
mãthra [-]
m. & n: manthra, Sacred Word (k411)
... mãthrahe
34 (G)
... mãthranãm
16 (plG)
... mãthrâ
6 (I, plA)
... mãthrå
6 (plA)
... mãthrem
33 (A)
... mãthrô
13 (N)
må [mâh]
14 (N) m. Moon, month
... månghahe
5 (G)
... månghaheca
5 (G)
... månghem
27 (A)
... månghemca
12 (A)
... månghô
14 (ngG, plNA)
merekhahe [merekha]
11 (G) m. a bird (k409)
... merekhô
8 (N)
mereñcaite [mareñc]
5 (pres. mid. 3/1, cl 6. jAR: cl. 7) to smite, to kill; to destroy (k399)
meretô [mar]
12 (past part. mN) to die, to expire (compare ameretât
) (k396)
merethweñtem [merethwañg]
8 (past part. act. mA) remembering, thinking of (k410)
mêñghî [man]
7 (h-Aor mid. 1/1) to think, to pay attention to; cl. 4 (k393)
me [azem]
10 (encl. DG) for me, mine
... mê
109 (DG)
mithnâiti [mith]
7 (pres. act. 3/1) is opposed, antagonistic, hostile (ahm192); to dwell, to abide, to meet, to live together (k405)
mithra [-]
30 (I) m. Mithra; a contract, promise, agreement, friendship, commitment; 7th month of the year (k406)
... mithraêibya
5 (duD)
... mithrahe
47 (G)
... mithrem
110 (A)
... mithremca
7 (A)
... mithrô
55 (N)
mithrô-druc [-]
m. who is false to the treaty (ahm153, k407)
... mithrô-drujãm
12 (plG)
mizhdem [mizhda]
16 (NA) n. reward, compensation (k408)
... mîzhdem
14 (NA)
moshu [-]
7 (adv.) hastily (quickly, soon) (k411)
môi
43 () not, never; [azem]
(pers. pron. DG) I
mraotû [mrû]
64 (impf. act. 3/1)
... mraot
305 (inc. pres. act. 3/1; pret. indic. act. 3/1)
... mruyå
7 (pot. act. 2/1)
... mruyê
5 (pres. mid. 1/1)
mrû- [-]
(v. rt. cl. 2) to speak, to say (k414)
frâ- mrû
to instruct
... mrûtê
32 (pres. mid. 3/1)
myazda [-]
m. sacred offering, sacred food (k413)
... myazdahe
6 (G)
myazdavå [myazdavan]
6 (mN?) offering Myazda
myazdem [myazda]
9 (A)

Avestan dictionary - N


nabânazdishta [-]
n. next of kin (k284)
... nabânazdishtanãm
29 (plG)
naêcish [naêci]
6 (mN) no one, none; nothing (k282)
naêdâ [naêdha]
5 (GAv)
... naêdha [-]
21 (indecl. neg. conj.) and not; not at all (ahm177); not here (lit.); neither (k282)
naêmaêibyô [naêma]
12 (plAbl) half; part; n. side, direction (k282)
... naêmât
38 (Abl)
... naêmem
9 (A)
nafedhrô [napat]
10 (G) m. (Apam) Napat, name of a Yazad (k284)
naire [nar]
29 (D) m. Man; [nairya]
(fN) brave (k281) manly (HZI)
naire-manå [naire-manangh]
7 (mN) brave (k281), manly (HZI)
nairyãm [nairya]
5 (fA) brave, manly (HZI)
... nairyô
6 (N)
nairyô-sangha [-]
m. name of a Yazad; name of a sacred fire (k282); of manly utterance (HZI)
napâtem [napat]
10 (A) source; (Apam) Napat, name of a Yazad (k284)
naptanãm [nap]
6 (plG) green, humid (k284)
nar- [-]
m. a man, a male (k285)
... nara
20 (duN, plNV)
... naraêca
6 (V)
... narasca
6 (plNV)
naravahe [narava]
6 (G) valiant (lit.); Narava family (k286)
narãm [nar]
83 (plG)
... narãmca
8 (plG)
... narem
88 (A)
... naremca
9 (A)
... narô
46 (plNV)
... narsh
59 (G)
nas-
(v. rt., cl. 4) to perish (vn), to disappear, to vanish (k288)
nasa [-]
m. f. dead matter; defilement; demon of corruption (k289 gives the root as [nasu])
... nasâum
13 (A)
... nasâvô
11 (plNA)
nase [nas-]
11 (imp. act. 2/1)
nasush [nasa]
148 (m.f.N)
... nasûm
11 (A)
nava [-]
38 (I, fN) afresh (t96, b1044), new, fresh; (indecl. neg. part.) no, not (k286); [navan]
(num. NA) nine (k287)
... navaca
22 (A) nine
navaitîm [navaiti]
21 (A) ninety (k286)
navasêsca [navasa]
7 (m.plA) nine times (k287)
navât [-]
5 (Abl) no, not (k288)
naxturu [-]
n. nocturnal (k283)
nazdishta [-]
10 (superl. m.plN) nearest (k283)
nâ [azem]
79 (poss. pron. n. plN) our; [nar]
(N) man; (plA) I; no, assuredly, altogether (k281)
... nâca
8 "and also the man"
nâirika [nâirikâ]
31 (N) f. woman (k290)
... nâirikayå
6 (G)
... nâirikãm
24 (A, plG)
nâirinãm [nâirî]
15 (plG) f. woman (k291) (comp khenâ)
... nâirinãmca
9 (plG)
... nâiryå
8 (G)
nâmêni [nãman]
6 (plN) n. name (k298)
... nâmênîsh
9 (plN)
nâshemnâi [nas-2]
6 (pres. part. mid. D) to reach, attain (k288)
nâvayå [nâvaya]
6 (f.plNA) channeled (t115), navigable (ahm174)
nãma [nãman]
145 (NA, plA) n. name (k298)
nå [azem]
12 (GAv plA) I
nemah'yâmahî [nemah'ya-]
5 (prs.) to worship (vn)
nemangha [nemangh, nema, nemanghvañt]
10 (AI) n. veneration, reverence (AHM, Monna), prayer (Kr) (respect?); (N) reverent; duty (k297?)
... nemanghâ
9 (I, plN)
... nemanghô
6 (G)
... nemase-tê
10 (N) reverence to you, a salutation
... neme
6 (A?)
nemô [nemangh]
68 (N) reverence to; (A) duty
nerebyô [nar]
27 (pl.D.Abl) men
nerefsaiti [narefs]
6 (pres. act. 3/1) to decrease; cl. 6 (k286)
nê [azem]
18 (GAv encl. pl.DG) I (j111)
ni-
(pref.) down; into, backward (k292)
nidadhât [ni-dâ]
12 (impf. act. 3/1) to put down, deposit (k256)
... nidaithyãn
14 (pot. act. 3/3)
nidarezayen [ni-darez]
6 (pret. (inc.) act. 3/3) to tie down, to tighten (k249, jAR)
nijaiñti [ni-jan]
6 (pres. act. 3/1) to crush down, to destroy (k187)
... nijanâni
11 (imp. act. 1/1)
nikañte [ni-kan]
7 (pres. mid. 3/1) to bury (k124)
nimraomnô [ni-mrû]
5 (pres. part. mid. mN) to speak submissively; to declare; to address; wail (t115, b1196, k414)
nisirinuyât [ni-sri]
15 (pres. act. 3/1) to give over; to deliver (k553)
nishhidhaêta [ni-had]
10 (pot. mid. 3/1) to sit down (k574)
nitemem [nitema]
5 (mA) lowest, smallest (k293)
nivaêdhayemi [ni-vid]
71 (pres. act. 1/1, caus. of "vid" (e to know)) to cause to know; to announce, to declare (k486)
nivôiryete [ni-var]
5 (pass. pres. 3/1) to be concealed, to hide (k468)
nizbayanguha [ni-zbâ]
7 (imp. mid. 2/1) to invoke, to praise (k213)
... nizbayemi
37 (pres. act. 1/1)
nizhbaremnô [nizh-bar]
5 (pres. part mN) to remove, take out (ahm 159; k366)
nizhbereta [nizh-bereta]
5 (past part. fN) removed, taken out (k293)
... nizhberetayaêca
22 ()
nî [ni]
24 (prefix)
nîsh-nâshâma [nîsh-nas]
6 (subj. s-aor. act. 1/3) to chase out (Hum); [nas] to attain (y44.13) (Monna, b1056)
nmâna [-]
13 (I, plA) n. house, home (mn. mansion) (k299)
... nmânahe
54 (G)
... nmânanãmca
9 (plG)
... nmânât
6 (Abl.)
... nmânå
5 (plA)
... nmânem
43 (nNA)
... nmânemca
5 (nNA)
... nmâne
42 (L)
nmânô-paiti [-]
m. householder (Herb.), master of the house (k299), head of the house (ahm)
... nmânô-paitish
8 (N)
... nmânô-paitîm
13 (A)
nmânyâica [nmânya]
7 (D) belonging to the house; of the house; Nmanya, guardian angel of the house or family (k299)
... nmânyå
5 (f.plA)
nô [azem]
39 (plADAbl) us
nôit [-]
564 (adv.) not (k298)
nû [-]
12 (adv.) now (k297)
nûrãm [nura, nûra]
10 (fA) now
... nûrem
5 (A)
nyåñcô [nyåñca, ni-añc]
7 (ng, plN) one who throws down, a destroyer; disabled; fallen (k22, k300)

Avestan dictionary - O


ôyum [aêva]
5 (A) one

Avestan dictionary - P


pad
m. foot
paêma [paêman]
8 (A) n. milk (k311)
pairi [-]
56 (Pref., prep. with D. Abl.) with, around, over, (with Abl.) under; (adv.) all round, completely; thoroughly (Herb., k307)
pairi-jasat [pairi-jas]
7 (impf. act. 1/3) to approach (k190)
pairi-sacaiti
6 ()
pairi-tacat [pairi-tac]
7 (impf. act. 3/1) to run about or near (k217)
pairi-ýaozhdaithîta [pairi-ýaozhdâ]
10 (pot. mid. 3/1) to cleanse or purify thoroughly (k418)
pairica
9 ()
... pairicâ
5 ()
pairijasâmaidê [pairi-jas]
5 (pres. subj. mid. 1/3)
pairikanãmca [pairikâ]
17 (plG) f. a fairy (k308); witch; meteor, shooting star (t97); she devil (HZI)
... pairikãm
5 (A)
... pairikå
5 (plNA)
... pairikåsca
7 (plNA)
pairishhâvanayô [pairish-hâvani]
8 (plA) round about Hawan (k310)
pairithnem [pairithna]
5 (A) n. the (normal) course of life, the "going around" (lit.) (t141); battle; dispute, fight; attack (k309)
pairî [pairi]
16 (GAv)
pairî-jasat [pairi-jas]
5 (impf. act. 3/1)
paiti [-]
515 1: (v) m. lord, husband (b821); a leader. 2: (pref.) towards, against, back (cGr 735, 750); 3: (prep.) to, upon, for, with (b822, k300-1)
paiti-aoxta [paiti-vac]
14 (root aor. mid. 3/1) to reply, to answer (k458)
paiti-barôit [paiti-bar]
8 (opt. act. 3/1) to bring back (k366)
paiti-davata [paiti-du]
11 (imp. act. 3/1) to answer (of evil beings) (k265)
paiti-dîti [-]
7 (I) f. look, gaze, beholding (k303)
paiti-hiñcôish [paiti-hic]
42 (pot. act. 2/1) to sprinkle; to cleanse (k587)
paiti-irista [-]
6 (N) deceased; dead; defiled by the dead (k302)
paiti-jaitîm [paiti-jaiti]
6 (A) f. smiting down; defeating (k303)
paiti-jas [-]
(v. rt.) to return (Kr40); to go against; to reach; to meet face to face; to touch
... paiti-jasaiti
35 (pres. indic. act. 3/1)
... paiti-jasâtô
6 (pres. subj. act. 3/2)
... paiti-jasât
5 (impf. act. 3/1)
paiti-perene
33 (verb 1/1) to fight against
paiti-raêthwayeiti [-]
18 (denom. verb caus. 3/1) (the Druj Nasus) defiles (a person) indirectly (k304)
paiti-sanghâmi
13 (verb 1/1) (I) exorcise (?) (k305, 518)
paiti-shê
8 ()
paiti-zañtô [paiti-zañta]
6 (pres. part. mN) made welcome, honored (Kr, k303)
paitinãm [paiti 2]
10 (plG) every, each; different (k301)
paitish [-, paitisha]
7 () towards, to
... paitisha
16 () towards, to; m. demon of slander (k305)
paitishata
"be zealous" (Kr82)
paitishhahyâi [paitish-hahya]
5 (D) m. Paitishahem, 3rd Gahambar (k306)
paitishtâtêe [paitishtâiti]
65 (inf.) to oppose (t106, b837, k306)
paitisheñtem [paiti-îsh]
5 (pres. part. act. A) looking with an evil eye upon; envying
paitî [paiti]
34 (A); (GAv prep.)
... paitîm
5 (A)
paityaoxta [paiti-vac]
7 (root-aor. mid. 3/1) to reply, to answer (k458)
paityârem [paityâra]
17 (A) m. counter-worker; counter- fiend; going against; counter-action; striking; harm; mischief (k306)
pañca [pañcan]
20 (num.) five
pañca-dasa [-]
15 (N) 15th; [pañca-dasan]
(num.) fifteen (k313)
pañcasakhnâi [pañcasakhna]
10 (D) 50 times
pañcâca [pañcan]
5 (num.)
pañcâsatem [pañcâsata]
21 (num. plNA) fifty (k314)
pañtãm [pathan]
18 (A) f. a path; way (k316)
... pañtå
9 (N)
paoiri [-]
foremost; many (k311)
... paoirish
5 (mnN)
paoirîm [paoirya]
42 (ord. num. A) first (k311)
paoirîsh [paoiri]
7 (f.plN) many
paoirya [-]
6 (ord. num. I, plA, nplA) first (k313)
... paoiryanãm
10 (m.plG)
... paoiryâi
15 (D)
... paoiryô
42 (mN,plA)
paoiryô-tkaêshanãm [paoiryô-tkaêsha]
12 (plG) m. first teacher, ancient sage, early disciples of Zarathushtra; alternately, a pre-Zoroastrian teacher of religion (k312)
paouruyehyâ [paoirya]
7 (G.Abl?)
... paourvîm
15 (A)
paourva [-]
before; first, at first; full, entire (k312)
... paourvô
(N)
... paourum
(A)
paourvô-apâxtara [-]
6 () first + northern (?)
para [-]
89 (prep.) before, from; (adv.) forth, away, beforehand, previously (k318)
para-
(pref.) far from, away, out, different from (k318)
para-baraiti [para-bar]
11 (pres. act. 3/1) to carry, to give (k367)
para-cinasti [para-cit]
5 (pres. act. 3/1) to acknowledge, to regard, to think; to teach (k181)
para-daithyât [para-dâ]
6 (pot. act. 3/1) to give away, to donate (k255)
para-haomemca [para-haoma]
9 (A) m. parahaoma, haoma juice (k320)
para-iristahe [para-irista]
17 (G) f. death, dying (k318)
... para-iristîm
7 (A)
para-irithiñti [para-irith]
5 (pres. act. 3/3) to die; cl. 4 (k90)
... para-irithyeiti
23 (pres. act. 3/1)
paracit [-]
9 (prep.) even before (k318)
paradâtãm [paradâta]
5 (fA) delivered over (lit.), betrothed (damsel) (k319)
paradhâtô [paradhâta]
5 (mN) of the Peshdadian dynasty (k318, k319)
parayât [par]
5 (cl. 9 impf. sub. act. 3/1) to go, to cross (k317), fill (jAR)
parâ [para]
6 (GAv)
parâiti [para-i]
9 (pres. act. 3/1) to go; to cross; to run away (k87)
parenem [parena]
5 (NA) n. a wing (k320)
pares [-]
5 (v. rt. cl. 6) to ask, to question; cl. 6 (k320)
parô [-]
56 (prep.) before; more, greater, higher; 'somewhere between the temporal sense of "formerly" and the prepositional sense of "apart from, except, save"' (t95, k321)
parô-asna
the (world) beyond; the other world; remote (k322)
... parô-asnâi
9 (D)
parshta [-]
18 (past part. I) asked (k323); [paresh] (fut. I?) to combat, smite, destroy (k321)
... parshtem
5 (mA) asked, inquiry
pasca [-]
98 (prep. with A) after, afterwards (k324)
pascaêta [-]
67 (prep., adv.) then, afterwards (k325), since,
pascaêta ... ýat
: after ... that (Kr84)
pascaiti
17 ()
pasêush [pasu]
5 (G)
paskât [-]
15 (prep., adv.) behind, afterwards (k324)
pasne
10 (prep.) behind
pasu [-]
5 (duNA) m. sheep (t145); domestic animal; animal, cattle (k323)
... pasûm
11 (A, plA)
... pasvasca
13 (plN)
... pasvãm
6 (plG)
... pasvãmca
11 (plG)
... pasvô
5 (plA)
pateñti [pat]
9 (pres. act. 3/1) to fall; cl. 1 (k315)
patitem [patita]
7 (mN) fallen; criminal, sinful (k315)
patbyasca
7 ()
patha [pathan]
8 (I, plA) way (t121), a road, a path (k316)
pathanayå [pathana]
5 (fG) wide, spacious (k316)
pathãm [pathan]
7 (A, plG)
... pathå
10 (plA)
... pathô
12 (G, plA)
paurva [-]
10 (fN) first, foremost, pre-eminent (k310)
... paurvô
7 (adv.)
payanghô [payangh]
5 (mG) epithet of Madhyozarema Gahambar, "milk- giving" (lit.) (k317)
pâdha [-]
5 (I, duA) m. foot (k326)
pâiti [pâ]
9 (pres. indic. act. 3/1) to protect, to defend; to shelter; cl. 2 (k325)
pâyu [-]
(duA) m. protector (k327)
perena [-]
full of, filled with (k332)
... perenãm
6 (fA)
perene [perenya]
23 (fN) full of; replenished with (k332)
perenô-mångha [-]
m. the full moon, the days after the full moon (k332)
... perenô-månghâi
5 (D)
... perenô-månghem
5 (A)
peresanguha [pares]
5 (imp. mid. 2/1) to ask, to question (k320)
... peresat
47 (impf. act. 3/1, jAR: Pret. indic. act. 3/1)
... peresâ
25 (pres. act. 1/1)
peresâum [peresu]
8 (mA) a rib (k332)
peresô [pares]
12 (pres. part. act. N)
peretûm [peretu]
5 (A) bridge (see also cinvat-peretu) (k330)
peshana [peshanâ]
5 (3/1) to fight; struggle (k333)
peshanaiti [pesh]
5 (denom. v. pres. act. 3/1) to fight against (k332)
peshanâhu [peshanâ]
8 (plL) f. battle, strife (k333)
peshô-tanu [-]
f. worthy of death; sinful, criminal (k333)
... peshô-tanush
6 (plN)
... peshô-tanuye
12 (D)
... peshô-tanva
6 (plN)
pitar, patar, ptar
m. father (decl. c322)
pivatica [pivati]
7 (I) f. putrefaction, pollution (= paviti
) (k323)
pouru [-]
5 (nA) much, many, full, abundant (k334)
pouru-baêshaza [-]
5 (mV, m.plV) full of healing (k336)
pouru-mahrkahe [pouru-mahrka]
6 (mG) full of death; full of plague or pestilence (k336)
... pouru-mahrkô
30 (mN)
pouru-saredhayå [pouru-saredha]
5 (fG) manifold (jAR), of many kinds or species (k336)
pouru-spaxshti [-]
f. much watchfulness (Drvaspa) (ahm170, Kr91, k337)
... pouru-spaxshtîm
6 (A)
pouru-hvâthranãm [pouru-hvâthra]
7 (plG) with sufficient comfort or ease, with fullness of welfare (k334) (but see hvâthra)
... pouru-hvâthrå
5 (plA)
pouruca [pouru]
6 (n.plA)
pourudhâxshtayanahe [pourudhâxshtayana]
5 (G) m. a family name (k335)
pourum [pourva]
7 (AL) first (k337)
pourushaspahe [pourushaspa]
5 (G) m. Pourushaspa, father of Z. (k337)
pouruyô [pourvya]
10 () first
... pourvô
5 (mN) first
puthra [-]
72 (v, duN, plN) m. son, child (k329)
... puthrahe
10 (G)
... puthrem
57 (A)
... puthrô
35 (N)
puxdha [-]
5 (ord. num.) fifth (k329)
... puxdhem
21 (A)

Avestan dictionary - R


raê [-]
m. wealth, wealthy (Hum2 135, Bailey 10); splendor (Kr, k433)
... raêm
17 (NA)
... raêshca
41 (plA)
raêshyât [raêsh]
6 (impf. sub. act. 3/1) to suffer damage (Herb.); cl. 4 (k448)
raêthwa [-]
(Base of the denom. verb) mixes (t108, k434)
... raêthwayeiti
5 (caus. pres. act. 3/1)
raêvañt [-]
bright (t32); rich; wealth-bestowing; name of a mountain (k434)
... raêvahe
7 (nG)
... raêvañtem
33 (mA)
... raêvatô
43 (mG)
... raêvå
19 (mN)
rafedhrâi [rafedhra]
12 (D) n. pleasure, coy, delight (k442)
ranghayå [ranghâ]
8 (G) f. name of a river (k438)
raocah [-]
n. luminous (Kr), light; daylight; shining (k436)
... raocanghãm
10 (plG)
... raocanghem
15 (mA)
... raocå
34 (plNA)
raonãm [ravan]
8 (plG) m. valley, dale, vale (k443)
raoxshnem [raoxshna]
12 (A) m. radiant (Kr), shining (t89), (bright?) (k435)
rapithwinâi [rapithwina]
8 (D) m. Rapithwin, period from noon to mid-afternoon; a Yazad presiding over (k442)
... rapithwinem
11 (A)
rasãstâtô [rasãstât]
8 (G) f. truthfulness, righteousness, justice, equity; Rasastat, a Yazad presiding over (k443)
rasmanô [rasman]
12 (plA) m. the lines or files of the army (k443)
... rasmaoyô
5 (pldh)
rashnaosh [rashnu]
16 (G) m. Rashnu, a Yazad presiding over truthfulness ã justice (k444)
... rashnush
8 (N)
... rashnûm
12 (A)
... rashnvô
42 (V)
ratavô [ratu]
86 (plNAV) m. judge (Kr, Hum2 224), master, one who is in authority (Herb.); judgment (Hum2 224) (k439)
... ratu [-]
... ratubyô
41 (plD.Abl.)
ratufrish [ratu-frî]
61 (3/1) satisfy the Ratu (lit.), is accepted (b1502)
ratufritîm [ratufriti]
30 (A) well-timed prayer, prayer offered at the proper time (k440)
ratufryô [ratu-frî]
14 (3/3)
ratunaêm [ratunaya]
7 (A) subordinate to the Ratu (lit.), a disciple (k440)
ratush [ratu]
61 (N)
... ratûm
275 (A)
... ratûmca
11 (A)
... ratûsh
9 (ng, plA)
... ratvô
8 (V)
ratha [-]
m. chariot (k440)
rathaêshtar [-]
m. warrior, charioteer (k441)
... rathaêshtârahe
5 (G)
... rathaêshtârem
5 (A)
... rathaêshtå
10 (N)
rathwaêca [ratu]
10 (D)
... rathwãm
38 (plG)
... rathwe
131 (D)
... rathwô
75 (G)
rathwya [-]
13 (I, plA) timely, opportune, lawful, proper (k441) (appropriate)
raya [raê]
181 (I)
razishta [-]
5 (fN, I) straightest; most righteous, superl. of "erezu" (k439)
... razishtahe
17 (mG)
... razishtanãm
(plG)
... razishtayå
8 (fG)
... razishtâ
(n.plA)
... razishtãm
13 (fA)
... razishtå
(f.plA)
... razishtem
11 (mA)
... razishto
(mN)
râhî [fra-râ]
(H-aor. act. 1/1) to give (k444); See ferâ vê râhî I dedicate to you
râma [râman hvâstra]
13 () peace (lit.), Yazad of the atmosphere (k447); peace possessing good pasture (HZI) see hvâstra
... râmanasca
9 ()
... râmanô
13 ()
râmayeiti [ram]
(caus. pres. act. 3/1) will pacify; cl. 1 (HZI44, k442)
rânem [râna]
9 (A) m. thigh (k446)
râtayô [râiti]
5 (plN) f. gift; generous giving, offering (k445)
râtãm [râta]
6 (fA) gift; Yazad presiding over charity [yt2.7], generous (lit.); a friend [yt10.45] (k445)
revîm [revi]
5 (fA) light (not heavy); nimble, agile (k450)

Avestan dictionary - S


sacåñte [sac]
17 (pres. sub. mid. 3/1) to pass (k519)
sadayeiti [sad]
5 (pres. act. 3/1, cl. 9, 10) to leave off, to defer; to appear, to seem; to arrive, to come, to turn about; to turn around (k521)
sadhayeiti
15 ()
sairi
9 () filth (k515), =[sâiri] (k524); (k522 has [sara], Geld: [sairî] (L) authority, headship)
saite [sata]
27 (f.n.duA) hundred (k519)
sanghaite [sangh]
5 (pot. mid. 2/1) to say, to speak (k518)
sanghem [nairyô-sangha]
6 (A) m. name of a Yazad and a fire; [sangha] = admonition, instruction, word (lit.)
saociñtãm [saocañt]
6 (m.plG) burning, blazing (k517)
saoka [-]
5 (IV) m. good things (?) (Bailey 23); profit, good; happiness; welfare; a Yazad presiding over them (k516); (jAR:) n. weal, welfare, saving sense
saoshyañt [-]
m. 'benefactor, strengthener, savious, redeemer' [lit. 'who sets about benefitting, etc.'] (Hum 11); beneficent (lit.); a prophet, religious leader; future savior or messiah (k517)
... saoshyañtãm
18 (plG)
... saoshyañtô
11 (G)
... saoshyãs
5 (N)
saredha [-]
14 (plA) 1: solar year, rainy season, a year; 2: sort, kind, species (k522)
... saredhaêibyô
10 (plD)
... saredhanãm
5 (plG)
... saredhanãmca
14 (plG)
sarem [sara]
7 (A) m. authority, head; husband (k522)
sata [-]
48 (m.f.plNA) one hundred (k519)
satakhnâi [satakhna]
8 (D) a hundredfold (k520)
... satakhnâishca
8 (plI)
satâish [sata]
6 (plI)
... satem
30 (A)
savanghô [savangh]
15 (G) n. prosperity (Bailey 11, k523), benefit
... savô
7 (NA)
sâdrâ [sâdra]
(fN) affliction, distress, pain; misery; woe (k524)
sâmahe [sâma]
(G) dark, black (t113, k524)
sâsta [sâstar]
10 (ng, plN) m. tyrant (Hum2 175, k525); ruler (AHM)
sâthrãm [sâtar]
11 (plG) m. tyrant (k524)
sâvanghaêm [sâvanghi]
10 (A) m. Savanghi, name of a Yazad (k525) (Diligence?)
... sâvanghêe
19 (D)
sãcatca
6 (an encl. particle subjoined to vîspayå (entire), implying 'any') (k531)
seraoshem [sraosha]
6 (A) m. the Yazad Sraosha; obedience, (recompense for) obedience (Hum), hearkening (k551)
... seraoshô
16 (N)
sevishta [-]
strongest (AHM), very strong (Kr), super. of sevi (k530)
... sevishtå
5 (f.plAV)
... sevishte
27 (G)
... sevishtô
11 (N)
skarenayå [skarena]
5 (G) circular, round (k531)
snathâi [snatha]
14 (D) m. to strike (Kr95), lit. for the striking; a blow, striking (k541)
... snathem
14 (A)
snayaêta [snâ, us-snâ]
5 (mid. 3/1) to bathe (k541)
spaêtem [spaêta]
6 (mA) white (k542)
span [-]
m. dog
spanyå [spanyangh]
6 (mN) more wise/discreet; more bountiful (k543)
spayeite [spâ]
7 (pres. mid. 3/1) to cast off (vn), to throw; to throw away; to take away (k544)
spâ [span]
32 (N) m. dog (k556)
spâdhem
7 (A) an army
spâna [span]
9 (duN, plN)
... spânasca
11 (plNA)
... spânem
27 (A)
... spânô
5 (plN(A))
speñta [-]
(I) prosperous (Hum2 172); holy, beneficent (HZI 196), bountiful; prosperity increasing; (ahm157:) incremental, whose activity results in increase (beneficial?) (k547)
... speñtaêibyô
16 (D.Abl)
... speñtahe
59 (G)
... speñtanãm
71 (plG)
... speñtasca
5 (N)
... speñtayå
7 (duG, fG)
... speñtâ
57 (î, fN)
speñtâ-mainyûm [speñtâ-mainyu]
8 (mA) Holy Spirit, Beneficent Spirit (k385)
speñtâbyô [speñta]
5 (pl.D.Abl.)
... speñtãm
17 (fA)
... speñtå
43 (plNA, f.plA)
... speñtem
57 (A)
... speñtê
26 (L, fV, duNAV)
... speñtô
32 (mN)
speñtô-mainyaom [speñtô-mainyava]
11 (A) Holy Spirit, Beneficent Spirit
... speñtô-mainyavanãm
8 (plG)
spênishta [-]
18 (v) most holy, most beneficent; superlative of speñta
... spênishtâ
8 (GAv V)
spitama [-]
177 (V) (family name of Z.) Spitama
... spitamâi
18 (D)
... spitâmahe
21 (G)
... spitâmô
9 (N)
sraêshta [-]
7 (fN, mnI) finest, fairest, most beautiful (k550)
... sraêshtaca
6 (fN, mplN)
... sraêshtem
17 (nN, mA)
sraonîm [sraoni]
8 (mA) the hips; buttocks; thighs
sraosha [-]
13 (V) m. obedience, hearkening; Sraosha, the Yazad of
... sraoshahe
33 (G)
... sraoshem
45 (A)
... sraoshô
34 (N)
sraoshô-caranaya [sraoshô-caranâ]
84 (I) f. a whip used in religious castigation (k552)
sraothrem [sraothra]
13 (A) n. chanting, singing (k550)
srava [-]
a word, n. a prayer, the sacred text (k552)
... sravâish
5 (plI)
... sravå
9 (plNA)
srayanaca [srayan]
18 (I) n. fairness; elegance; beauty (k522)
srâvayeiti [sru]
5 (caus. pres. act. 3/1) to hear, to listen to; cl. 5 (k554)
... srâvayô
12 (caus. pres. act. 1/1)
srâvî [sru]
5 (pass. aor. 3/1)
srîra [-]
17 (adj. fNA, mIV, m.plNA) fair, fine, beautiful (k554)
... srîrahe
16 (G)
... srîrayå
9 (fG)
... srîrãm
7 (fA)
... srîrem
10 (A)
... srîrô
10 (N)
sru- [-]
(v. rt. cl. 5) to hear, to listen to (k554); hearken (pay attention to)
srûtô [srûta]
5 (mN) well-heard (lit.), famed (k556)
staoiti [stu]
13 (act. 3/1)
... staomi
32 (pres. indic. act. 1/1)
... staomî
7 (pres. act. 1/1)
staora [-]
m. a beast, a draft animal; (mn: steer) (k533)
... staoranãmca
8 (plG)
... staorâca
15 (plNA)
... staorãm
5 (plG)
... staorem
11 (A)
staorô-mazô [staorô-maza]
5 (mNA) (a contract) of the value of a beast (k533)
staota [stu]
17 (mid. 3/1; imp. act. 2/3) ; [-]
(plA) Staota Nask
... staotanãm [staota]
11 (plG)
star, stara [-]
m. star (k534)
stavas [stu]
8 (pres. act. m. 1/1)
... stavât
5 (pres. subj. act. 3/1)
stârãm [star]
5 (plG)
... stârãmca
5 (plG)
... stârem
22 (A)
... stârô
26 (G, plNA)
stâtô-ratûm [stâtô-ratu]
5 (fA) (a damsel) under the protection of a guardian (k537)
stê [sti, asti]
6 (L) f. creation, existence, world (k537)
... stîm
5 (A)
... stôi
8 (L) in the creation, existence; always; continually; Monna: [ah]
(inf.) to be
... stôish
38 (G)
strãm [star]
6 (plG)
... strêushca
7 (plNA)
stu- [-]
(v. rt.) to praise, to laud, to extol; cl. 2 (c529, k538)
stûtô [stût]
5 (G) m. praise (k539)
suptîm [supti]
8 (A) f. shoulder (k528)
surunvata [surunvañt]
22 (pres. part. I) audible (lit.); following oral tradition, traditional; noted (k528, t91)
suxrãm [suxra]
6 (m.plG) red, shining (k528)
sûkem [sûka]
8 (mA) luster; eye-sight (k529)
sûnahe [span]
5 (G) m. dog (k556)
... sûnãmca
6 (plG)
... sûnô
31 (G,plN)
sûra [-]
53 (NV, plN(A)) powerful (Kr), mighty; brave, strong (k529); also, a weapon, spear
... sûrahe
12 (G)
... sûrayå
12 (fG)
... sûrãm
30 (fA)
... sûrå
41 (plNA, f.plA)
... sûrem
26 (A, nN)
... sûre
30 (fV)
... sûrô
15 (N)
shâishtem [shâishta]
5 (superl. adj. nN) happiest, most joyful (k558)
shê [ta]
5 (encl. mfG) for him, his
shôithraêca [shôithra]
6 (L) dwelling place, homestead (t131); a field (orig.); a city (k559)
... shôithrahe
5 (G)
... shôithranãmca
21 (plG)
... shôithråsca
5 (plA)
shyaothananãm [shyaothana]
7 (GAv plG) n. an act, a deed, an action; work (k560)
... shyaothanâ
17 (GAv I, plNA)
... shyaothanâcâ
10 (GAv I, plNA)
... shyaothanâish
26 (GAv plI)
... shyaothenanãm
10 (GAv plG)
... shyaothna
33 (I, plN)
... shyaothnahe
16 (G)
... shyaothnanãm
12 (plG)
... shyaothnâish
8 (plI)
shyaothnâvareza [-]
7 (I) n. doing deeds (vn), committing an action (k560)
shyaothnem [shyaothana]
18 (A)
shyeiñti [xshi]
5 (pres. act. 3/3) to dwell, to reside; cl. 2 (k153)

Avestan dictionary - T


ta [-]
this, that; also, he, she, it (k214)
tadha
32 (adv.) this is, there, in that place, at that time, then (k218)
taêca [ta]
10 (mplNA)
... taêcit
6 (mplNA)
tafnu [-]
6 (V) m. heat, fever (k220)
tanu [-]
f. body, person (k219)
tanu-perethanãm [tanu-perethana]
21 (plG) (one) whose body is forfeit (Herb.), sinful, guilty; lit, to fill the body with sin (k219)
tanubyô [tanu]
7 (plD.Abl)
tanumãthrahe [tanu-mãthra]
11 (mG) having manthra for body (ahm180)
tanunãm [tanu]
5 (plG)
... tanuye
10 (D)
... tanûm
62 (A)
... tanvascît
9 (G)
... tanvô
27 (G, plA)
taoxma [taoxman]
13 (A) n. seed (k216, Jack IV Gr 29)
taradhâtem [taradhâta]
6 (nNA, mA) superior (Kr, k221)
... taradhâtô
5 (G)
tarasca [tarô]
16 (adv.) outside, at the door; (prep. with A) through, trans-; over; across; above (k221)
... tarô
33 (adv., prep.)
tarô-pithwem [tarô-pithwa]
13 (A) n. having insufficient food, lacking food (Herb.) (k222)
tarôidîti [-]
(N) f. disregard, contempt, scorn (k221)
tarshta [tares]
7 (past part. m.duA, m.plN) to fear (k221); flee (jAR)
tashô [tash]
5 (impf. act. 2/1) to create, fashion, chisel, model; cl. 1 A 2 (k222)
tat [ta]
216 (nNAV) it;
[-]
(adv.) then
taurvayeiti [taurv]
9 (pres. act. 3/1 cl. 10) (he) overcomes (t34, k215)
... taurvayeni
5 (impf. act. 1/1, pres. subj. act.)
tava [tûm]
34 (G) of thee
... tavâcâ
5 (G)
taxma [-]
10 (v, fng, plN) brave (Kr)
... taxmahe
30 (G)
... taxmanãm
9 (plG, f.plG)
... taxmem
20 (A)
... taxmô
17 (N)
tâ [ta]
78 (I, fN, duNAV, n.plNAV)
... tâish
22 (plI)
tâpayeiti [tap]
7 (pres. act. 3/1) to grow hot, to be heated, to shine (k220)
tâyush [tâyu]
12 (mN) m. thief
tã [ta]
6 (plA)
... tãm
68 (fA)
... tãscâ
6 (m.plA)
... tå
56 (duNAv, f.pl.NA)
... tåsca
6 (f.plN)
... tåscâ
240 (GAv f.plN)
... tem
84 (A, nA)
... temcit
5 (A)
tevîshî [tevîshi]
5 (duA) f. strength, vigor
têm [ta]
22 (mA)
... te
39 (DG, duA, plNA)
... tê
127 ()
tishrô [thri]
7 (plA) three
tishtrîm [tishtrya]
33 (A) Tishtrya, Yazad of the star Sirius
... tishtryehe
6 (G)
... tishtryeheca
5 (G)
... tishtryô
16 (N)
tishrô [thri]
12 (plA) three
tôi [ta]
35 (DG, plN)
tum [tûm]
7 (N)
... tû
15 (NV)
tûirîm [tûirya]
31 (ord. num., nN, mA, fA) fourth; uncle, nephew (sp. & J.), male cousin (Dar); [tûra]
Turanian (vn)
... tûirya
7 (fN)
... tûiryô
13 (mN)
tûm [-]
54 (N) thou (k226); certainly; now (k227)
tûrô [tûra]
6 (N) m. Turanian (k228)
tvêm [tûm]
5 (N) thou
tbaêshanghô [tbaêshangh]
10 (G) n. harm, injury, evil, spite, hatred (k229, b814)
tbaêshayât [tbish]
19 (impf. subj. act. 3/1)
tbaêshå [tbaêshangh]
15 (plNA)
... tbaêshô
7 (NA)
tbish [-]
(v. rt. cl. 4) to torment, to harbor revenge, to bear hatred, to break down, to vanquish (k230); hate (jAR)
tbishvatãm [tbaêshavañt]
5 (plG) bearing spite, tormenting, harboring revenge (k229, b815); hating
tbishyañtãm [tbish]
17 (pres. part. plG) hostile enemy
tkaêsha [-]
m. doctrine, religious law; followers of the law or doctrines of religion (k229); teaching; teacher (b813)
... tkaêshanãm
6 (plG)
... tkaêshem
9 (A)
... tkaêshô
6 (N)
thraêtaonô [thraêtaona]
12 (N) m. Thraetaona, mythical hero (k231)
thraoshta [thrush]
5 (past part. mid. plN) to prosper, to be protected, nourished (k235)
thrayasca [thri]
8 (num. m.plN) three
... thrayãm
8 (plG)
thrâthrâi [thrâthra]
10 (D) n. protection, nourishment (k232)
... thrâthrem
9 (A)
thrâyô [thri]
23 (num. m.plN) three
thrâzdûm [thrâ]
6 (imper. mid. 2/3) to thrive, to nourish, to make prosperous (k231)
thri [-]
8 (num.) three (k232)
thri-ayarem [thri-ayar]
5 (A) n. 3 days (k233)
thri-xshaparem [thri-xshapar]
5 (A) n. 3 nights; 3 nights including daytime (k233)
thrigâim [thri-gâya]
15 (A) n. 3 paces (k233)
thrisata-gâim [thrisata-gâya]
7 (A) n. thirty paces (k234)
thrisatem [thrisata]
22 (A) thirty (k234)
thrisãsca [thri]
9 (num. plN) three
thrish [-]
32 (num.) thrice (k235)
thrishâmrûta [-]
6 (plN) (words) that are to be recited three times (k235)
thrishum [thrishva]
10 (A) a third (k235)
... thrishva
6 (I, duA)
thritîm [thritya]
31 (ord. num. nN, mA) third (k234)
thrityå [thritî]
7 (G) 2nd daughter of Z. (k234)
thrityô [thritya]
11 (mN) third
thrizafanem [thri-zafan]
5 (A) three-mouthed (k233)
thwa [-]
(poss. pron.) you, thy, 'tuus', your (k236)
... thwahmî
11 (L, nL)
... thwahyâ
8 (G)
thwarshtahe [thwarshta]
6 (nG) cut, appointed (time) (t103, k237)
thwat [tûm]
6 (Abl) thee
thwâ [thwa]
122 [thwa]
(AI, n.plNA); [tûm]
(I) thee
thwâshahe [thwâsha]
5 (G) n. firmament (sky); one who hurries (orig.) (k238)
... thwâshem
7 (A) sky; also, (A) swift, quick
thwâvãs [thvâvañt]
6 (N) like thee (k238)
thwãm [tûm]
78 (A) thee
... thwãmca
5 (A)
thweresaiti [thwares]
6 (pres. act. 3/1) to cut off, to destroy; cl. 6 (k237); but see Kr36:
thweresatô
(3du ind. pres. act.) "they who fashion"
thwôi [thwa/tûm]
8 (mplN, G, fN)

Avestan dictionary - U


ufyemi [vap]
5 (pres. act 1/1) to weave (orig.), to sing (k466)
ukhra [-]
6 (fN, plN) mighty (jAR); strong, powerful; firm, steady (k96)
... ukhraheca
6 (G)
... ukhranãm
18 (m.f.plG)
... ukhrå
15 (f.plA)
... ukhrem
47 (nNA, mA)
uiti [-]
35 (adv., part.) thus, in this manner (k94)
uityaojanô [uityaojina]
6 (N) so saying, thus speaking (k95)
upa
145 (adv., prep. w A, D) upon, on; near, towards, by, up to; (adj.) high, much (k99)
upa-
(pref.) towards, by, near; on, upon; in, into (k99)
upa-bara [upa-bar]
6 (imp. act. 2/1) to bring, to carry (k366)
... upa-barat
8 (impf. act. 3/1)
upa-dvãsaiti [upa-dvãs]
101 (pres. act. 3/1) to rush on, to fall upon (k281)
upa-maitîm [upa-maiti]
5 (A) f. abode, residence (k101)
upa-mãnayen [upa-mãn]
18 (impf. act. 3/3) to wait, to stay (k413)
upa-tbishtô [upa-tbish]
9 (past part. mN) provoked (AHM); to be offended or dissatisfied (k230)
upairi
30 (prep.) above, more; other, than (k99)
upamanahe [upamana]
6 (G) n. likeness (ahm166), also, a Yazad, symbol of wisdom (lit.) (k101)
dâmôish upamanô
"the Likeness of Ahura's creature"
... upamanem
9 (A)
... upamanô
7 (N)
upanghacat [upa-hac]
12 (impf. act. 3/1) to adhere with strong attachment; to cling, to follow, to attend (k568)
upangharezaiti [upa-harez]
12 (pres. act. 3/1) to throw, to sprinkle, to pour (k581)
uparatâtem [uparatât]
14 (A) f. superiority (Kr), exalted dignity, ascendancy, also, name of a Yazad (k192)
... uparatâtô
18 (G)
uparâi [upara]
6 (mD) higher; later, next (k101)
uparô-kairîm [uparô-kairya]
10 (A) working on high; working energetically (k102)
... uparô-kairyehe
9 (mG)
... uparô-kairyô
13 (mNV)
upastãm [upastâ]
6 (A) f. assistance, support (k102)
upayanayå [upayanâ]
10 (G) f. tradition (Kr); teaching, instruction; tradition, old custom (k101)
... upayanãm
6 (A)
upâiti [upa-i]
12 (pres. act. 3/1) to come near, approach (k86)
upâpô [upâpa]
6 (mN) aquatic (k103)
upâzana [-]
6 (plA) n. leading astray; driving away (k103); stroke or stripe (for castigation)
... upâzananãm
70 (G)
upâzôit [upa-az]
66 (pot. act. 3/1) to drive away or back (k20)
upemem [upama, upema]
6 (m.nA) highest, uppermost (k101); last (Kr)
urunaêca [urvan]
5 (D) m. soul
... urune
34 (D)
... urunô
20 (G, plA)
uruthem [urutha]
8 (N) n. growth, increase (k104)
urva [urvan]
44 (N) m. soul (k106)
urvaire [urvarâ]
6 (v) f. tree, plant (k106)
urvaitya [-]
7 (I) n. vow, verbal promise (ahm184, k105); treaty (Kr)
urvan
m. soul (k106)
urvara [urvarâ]
6 (fN) f. plant, fruit (vn), tree (k106)
... urvaranãm
37 (plG)
... urvaranãmca
11 (plG)
... urvarayå
9 (fG)
... urvarãm
30 (fA)
... urvarå
33 (plNA)
... urvaråsca
15 (plNA)
... urvaråscâ
7 (plNA)
urvathem [urvatha]
6 (mA) friendly; a friend (k106)
... urvathô
9 (N)
urvâ [urvan]
10 (N) m. soul (k106)
... urvânem
35 (A)
... urvânemca
8 (A)
urvâsnayå [urvâsnâ]
6 (fG) incense (k108)
urvãnô [urvan]
13 (plNA) m. souls
... urvôibyô
7 (plD)
us
35 (adv.) up, forth, out (jAR), elevated, high, above, much, exceeding (k110)
us- [-]
(pref.) above, elevated, loudly, much; out, outside, beyond; except, without
usca [us]
6 (adv.)
usihishta [us-stâ]
6 (imp. 2/1) to stand up, to rise, to get up (k536)
ustânazastô [ustâna-zasta]
12 (mN) with outstretched hands (k111)
ustememcît [ustema]
9 (adj. A) outermost highest; ultimate; last + cît = even (k111)
ushta [-]
22 (fN) fortunate (? - Bailey 85) healthy; vigorous; hail!; prosperity, good fortune, health, happiness (k112: Wohl, Heil, Glück); wish (Malandra, Introduction to Ancient Iranian Religion, Minneapolis, 1983, p. 183)
ushtanem [ushtâna]
10 (A) m. life (k114), vital principle (of the body)
ushtatâtem [ushtatât]
12 (A) f. good luck (t117, b418, k113)
ushtavaitîm [ushtavaitî]
11 (A) f. name of the 2nd Gatha (k113)
... ushtavaityå
10 (G)
ushtâ [ushta]
36 (NI)
... ushtâca
5 (I)
ushtrahe [ushtra]
6 (G) m. camel (k114)
... ushtranãm
6 (plG)
ushahinâi [ushahina]
7 (D) m. Ushahin (Gah), time between Midnight & dawn (k112)
ushånghem [ushangh]
12 (mA, fA) dawn (k111)
ushi [-]
10 (A) n. intelligence, understanding; mind (k112)
ushi-darenahe [ushi-darena]
7 (G) m. name of a mountain (k112)
... ushi-darenem
5 (A)
ushi-darethrem [ushi-darethra]
5 (A) n. holding in mind (k112)
uta [-]
49 (conj.) also, and, moreover
uta ... uta
as well as (k98)
uta-
(pref.) much, great (k98)
uta-hê
5 () uta + hê
utayûitî [utayûiti]
7 (duA) f. strength, power, might (k98)
uxdhâ [uxdha]
10 (I, plNA) n. word, spoken, uttered (lit.); fit for reciting prayer; praise-worthy; commended; the holy word; prayer (k95)
... uxdhâish
9 (plI)
... uxdhem
13 (NA)
uxshyeiti [vaxsh]
8 (pres. act. 3/1) sprinkles (t133, b1338); to grow, to wax (k454)
uz- [us-]
uzayeirinâi [uzayeirina]
7 (D) m. Uzerin, late afternoon (k97)
... uzayeirinem
5 (A)
uzdasta [uz-dâ]
8 (imp. mid. 3/1) to set up, to build (k256)
uzdâtât [uz-dâ]
5 (past part. adj. Abl) effervesce, boil
uzdâtãm [uz-dâ]
16 (past part. adj. fA) raising, lifting up
uzdâtå [uz-dâ]
7 (past part. adj. f.plA) to effervesce, to boil
... uzdâtem
9 (mA)
uzdâthayen [uz-dâ]
5 (caus. impf. act. 3/3) to cleanse, to scour
uzîra [uz-ir]
7 (imp. act. 2/1) to rise, to rise up (k89)
uzuxshyeiti [uz-vaxsh]
6 (pres. act. 3/1) to grow up (k454)
uzvarezem [uzvareza]
7 (N) n. reversing what has been done (lit.) expiation, atonement (k98)
uzvarezyât [uz-varez]
8 (impf. sub. 3/1) to reverse what has been done; to undo; to atone for (k471)
... uzvarshtem
6 (past part. nN)
ûitî [ûiti]
5 (GAv) so, consequently, thus, in this manner (k95)
ûthem [ûtha]
9 (A) n. grease, matter excreted from a dead body (k114)
ûthô-tâs [-]
8 (N) n. flowing of grease or excreted matter (k114)

Avestan dictionary - V


va [dva]
15 (duA, f.duA) two, both (orig "dva") (k279)
... vaêibya
5 (n.du.I.D.Abl)
vac [-]
(v. rt.) to speak, to say; cl. 3; word, phrase
vaca [vâc]
70 (I) word, phrase (k459)
... vacangha
5 (I)
... vacanghâ
6 (GAv I)
... vacanghô
9 (G)
... vacasca
5 (plA)
... vacãm
9 (plG)
... vacå
6 (plA)
... vacô
70 (G, plA); [vacangh] (NA) n. word, speech (k459)
vadare [-]
6 () n. an instrument for smiting; a blow (k464)
vaêdâ [vaêd, vid (k)]
13 (perf. act. 1/1, 3/1) to know (k485)
vaêdha [-]
6 () knowledge, information (k452)
vaêdhayamahî [vaêd]
8 (pres. act. 3/1)
vaêdhîm [vaêdhya]
5 (A) n. knowledge, learning (k452)
vaêjahi [vaêjangh]
10 (L) n. seed, germ (k451)
vaêm [azem]
33 (plN) we; [vaya] (A)
vaêthâ [-]
6 () f. knowledge (k452)
vaêtheñti [vid]
5 (pf. act. 3/1) (j621)
vakhdhanem [vakhdhana]
13 (NA) n. the head (of a sensible person) (k455)
vakhzhibyâca [vac]
7 (duI)
vahishta [-]
15 (nI, n.plA) best (k478)
... vahishtaca
6 (plN, n.plN)
... vahishtahe
50 (mG)
... vahishtâ
26 (mIV, fN, nI, m.duN, n.plNA, m.plV)
... vahishtâcâ
5 (nI)
... vahishtâi
16 (D, nD)
... vahishtât
27 (Abl, n.Abl)
... vahishtãm
5 (fA, plG)
... vahishtå
11 (f.plA)
... vahishtem
141 (n.m.A)
... vahishtemca
5 (n.m.A)
... vahishtô
19 (nN)
vahishtôishtîm [vahishtôishti]
7 (A) f. fifth Gatha; best wish (lit.) (k478)
... vahishtôishtôish
7 (G)
vahmasca []
5 (N) m. prayer (AHM), adoration (glorification, invocation) (k479)
... vahmâi
5 (D)
... vahmâica
137 (D)
... vahmemca
20 (A)
... vahmyâca
10 (G); [vahmya] (m.plNA)
vahmyô [vahmya]
8 (mN) worthy of adoration (k479) /prayer (AHM)
vahyô [vanghu]
8 (mN, nA) better
vairi [-]
m. lake (k451)
vairîm [vairya]
55 (nA) agreeable, desirable; wish; will; self-commanding, autocratic; Khshathra Vairya, one of the Amesha Spentas; sixth month of the year; metal; (k451); (Ahuna) vairya (prayer) (k71);
vairi
(A)
... vairya
8 (I, plV?)
vairyanãm [vairya-2]
8 (plG) a river, a lake (k451)
vairyâi [vairya]
5 (D)
... vairyehe
16 (G)
... vairyô
157 (N)
van [-]
6 (v. rt. cl. 1) to win, triumph, to overcome (k464)
vanaiñtîmca [vanañt]
14 ()
... vanaiñtyåsca
16 ()
vanaiti [van]
6 (pres. act. 3/1)
vanañt [-]
vanhvuisher (Kr & mn), conqueror (HZI); vanant, a star Yazad (k465, b1354)
... vanañtem
6 (mA)
vanât [van]
6 (impf. sub. act. 3/1)
vanãm
5 ()
vanô [vanañt]
5 (mN)
vanghaiti [vangh]
11 (pres. act. 3/1) to reside, to dwell (k455)
vanghanaca [vanghan]
18 (I) n. goodness, excellence, virtue (k455)
vanghave [vanghu]
5 (mD)
... vanghâu
6 (L)
... vanghêush
95 (mG)
... vanghêushcâ
6 (mG)
vanghô [vanghu]
23 (nNA) better
vanghu [-]
good, virtuous; a thing (orig.) goods, a good thing; a gift, creation (k456)
vanghudhâbyô [vanghudhâ]
7 (m.plD) sensible, having good sense; discreet (k457)
vanghush [vanghu]
20 (mN) (Beekes gives root as [vahu])
... vanghuya
28 (nL)
... vanghuyå
110 (fG)
... vanghûsh
7 (mplA)
... vanguhi
73 (fNV)
... vanguhibyô
28 (f.pl.D)
... vanguhîm
78 (fA)
... vanguhîmca
5 (fA)
... vanguhîmcâ
6 (fA)
... vanguhînãm
26 (f.plG)
... vanguhîsh
105 (f.pl.NA)
vañtâ [vañta]
8 (I) n. love, affection, friendship (k462)
vaocâ [vac]
23 (imp. act. 2/1)
... vaoce
8 (imp. mid. 2/1?)
vaonare [van]
7 (perf. act. 3/3) to conquer; (pres. act. 3/3) to love (k465)
varâzahe [varâza]
7 (G) m. boar, wild pig (k470)
varecanguhañtem [varecanghvañt]
6 (nNA, mA) prodigious (t137, k470)
varedat-gaêthayå [varedat-gaêtha]
14 (fG) promotes the world (k472)
... varedat-gaêthãm
11 (fA)
varedathem [varedatha]
5 (NA) n. promote (Kr), increase, growth (k473)
... varedathemca
9 (NA)
varefshva [var]
7 (plL) n. enclosure, a sheltered place (k469)
... varem
7 (A)
varenem [varena]
5 (A) a geographic region, Gilan (k473); belief (Hum2 207)
varenya [-]
5 (m.plNA) (friends) of Gilan (k473)
... varenyanãmca
5 (m.plG)
varesåsca [varesa]
7 (f.plA) hair; ritual sieve made of hair (k474)
vareshyamnaca [varez]
6 (fut. part. n.plA)
varez- [-]
(v. rt. cl. 4) perform (AHM), work, act, fulfill (Herb., k470)
varezîmca [varezi?]
6 () (k471?)
varô [varangh]
5 (A) n. a gift; the var Nirang or ordeal (k469)
varôish [vairi]
9 (G)
varshta [-]
5 (n.plNA) done; a deed (k475)
... varshtaca
5 (n.plNA)
varshniharshtâica [varshni-harshta]
5 (mD) spender of the seed of males; of the rutting season (k475)
vas [-]
to wish, desire
vasasca-tû
5 () (k476?)
vasê-xshayãs [vasê-xshayañt]
5 (mv) ruling at one's will (k476)
vasna [-]
8 (I) m. wish, desire (k477)
... vasnâ
10 (GAv I)
vasô
29 () wish, desire? (k476?)
vasô-xshathrô [vasô-xshathra]
7 (mN) ruling at one's will (k476)
vastra [-]
11 (plNAV) n. garment, clothes (k477)
... vastrahe
6 (G)
... vastrât
5 (Abl)
... vastrå
10 (f.plNAV) (A-decl.
... vastrem
11 (NAV)
vaxsh-
(pref.) to grow, to wax; to sprinkle (k454); [vac](N) word, voishe
vaxshaêca [vaxsha]
10 (L) n. growth, increase (k454)
vaxshat [vaxsh]
11 (aor. act. 3/1) to grow, wax, increase;
[vaxsha]
(Abl) prosperity
vaxshathemca [vaxshatha]
12 (NA) n. growth, increase (k455)
vaya [-]
m. air; atmosphere; vayu, a Yazad presiding over the atmosphere (k466)
vayaosh [vayu = vaya]
13 (G)
vayãm [vaya]
5 (A)
... vayãmca
6 (A)
vayô [vaya]
33 (V)
... vayush
15 ((N)V)
vaz [-]
to guide; to fly (t122, k460)
... vazaite
20 (pres. mid. 3/1)
vazdvare [-]
6 (indecl.) n. toughness (Kr), comfort, happiness (k462)
vazemna [vaz]
5 (pres. part. mid. fN, plN) speeding along (Kr92)
... vazemnô
19 (pres. part. mid. mN) flying (t108)
... vazeñti
13 (pres. act. 3/3)
vazrât [vazra]
9 (Abl) m. club, mace (k462)
684 (encl.) or;
vâ ... vâ
either ... or (k480)
vâc [= vac]
f. word, phrase
... vâca
5 (plA)
... vâcem
8 (A)
... vâcim
28 (A)
... vâcô
8 (plNA)
... vâkhzhibyô
7 (pl.D.Abl) (c285)
vârethrakhnish [vârethrakhni]
6 (mng, plA) victorious; smiting the enemy (lit.) (k483)
... vârethrakhnîsh
6 (f.plNA)
vâstârem [vâstar]
7 (A) m. protector (mn. pastor) (k483)
vâstranãmca [vâstra]
10 (plG) n. pasture; field (k483)
... vâstrem
6 (NA)
vâstrîm [vâstri?]
5 () owner or keeper of a field(?) (k484)
vâstryât [vâstrya]
7 (Abl) m. farmer; n. business, industry; industrious (k484)
... vâstryehe
6 (G)
... vâstryô
10 (mN) industrious
vâsha [-]
m. carriage, vehicle, wagon, chariot (k484)
... vâshahe
10 (G)
... vâshem
7 (A)
vâta [-]
6 (I, plN) m. wind (k481); vata, name of a Yazad
... vâtahe
5 (G)
... vâtaheca
5 (G)
... vâtem
12 (A)
... vâtô
29 (NV)
vâxsh [vac]
11 (mN) utterance (ahm183), voice, word
vãthwa [vãthwâ]
7 (N) f. herd, flock, multitude (of men), (group); increase (k513)
... vãthwãm
5 (A)
vå [tûm]
33 (plAG) you
vehrka [-]
5 (plN) m. wolf (k508)
... vehrkô
9 (N)
verethra [-]
8 (I) victory; strength of victory; (alternately) repel, resist (Kr98)
verethrakhnahe [verethrakhna]
14 (G) victoriousness (ahm158); m. victorious, smiting or killing the enemy; Yazad presiding over victory; 20th day of the month (k506)
... verethrakhnaheca
14 (G)
... verethrakhnem
38 (A)
... verethrakhnemca
16 (A)
... verethrakhnô
23 (N); also, [verethrajan]
(mG) (see below)
verethraja [verethrajan]
6 (mN) victorious, smiting or killing the enemy (k507)
... verethrajãstemô
5 (mN) most victorious
... verethrajå
9 (mN)
... verethravastemem
5 (NA) most victorious
... verethrâjanem
30 (mA)
... verethrâjanô
17 (mG, m.plN)
verethrem [verethra]
11 (mNA); [verethrajan] (mN)
vereziñti [varez]
6 (pres. act. 3/3)
verezyanguhahe [verezyanghva]
8 (mG) working (lit.), effective (k506)
verezyât [varez]
7 (sub. 3/1)
... verezyãn
18 (sub. 3/3)
... verezyeiti
11 (pres. act. 3/1)
vê [tûm]
51 (plNAD) you
vid- [-]
(v. rt. cl. 2.) to know
viñdan
n. (one) who receives (Herb.)
viñdât [vid-2]
6 (pret. indic. act.) find, obtain (c565)
vish [-]
5 (N) poison (y9.11), to sprinkle, to moisten; (adv.) afar, at a distance (k488)
vî [-]
23 (adv., pref.) away from, apart, separate from; different from, exclusive of; contrary to (k489)
vîca
6 ()
vîdaêva [-]
rejecting the Daevas (Kr), against the Daevas (k493)
... vîdaêvahe
11 (mnG)
... vîdaêvô
21 (mN)
... vîdôyûm
12 (nN, A)
vîdvå [vîdhvangh]
11 (mN) knowing (k495)
vîdhârayen [vî-dar]
11 (impf. act. 3/3) to arrange, sort out (ahm183, k247) to cause to cross (vn); to sustain, to support, to assist
... vîdhârayeiti
5 (pres. act. 3/1)
vîdhâtaot [vîdhâtu]
5 (Abl) m. Vidhatu, demon of death (k495)
vîdhvå [vîdhvangh]
44 (mN) knowing
vîkhzhârayeiñtîm [vî-khzhar]
5 (caus. verb pres. part. fA) overflowing
vîkeret-ushtânem
6 (A) (a blow) that separates the soul from the body, (rending?)
vînase [vî-nas]
(imp. act. 2/1) to disappear, to utterly destroy (annihilate)
vîra [-]
6 (I, duA) m. man (k496); when contrasted with cattle, means slave (ahm182) (servant, follower)
... vîranãm
7 (plG)
vîrô-mazô [vîrô-maza]
5 (mN, A(h- decl: (mazangh))) (a contract) of the value of man; a man- contract; a hostage
vîrô-vãthwa [-]
f. (women) with their troops of heros; (women) who have many sons (M.) (k497)
... vîrô-vãthwanãm
9 (plG)
... vîrô-vãthwå
6 (plA)
vîs-1 [-]
(v. rt. cl. 6) to be, to become; to come; to pierce, to enter, to touch; to agree, accept, approve, comply, assent; to receive; to pay attention to, to heed (k498)
vîs-2 [-]
f. settlement (Kr), clan (ahm), village (k499)
... vîsa
6 (I)
vîsaiti [-]
7 (plA) twenty; [vîs] 7 (pres. act. 3/1) to accept, to receive
vîsâi [vîs-1]
12 (pres. sub. act. 2/1)
vîsãmca [vîs-2]
8 (plG)
... vîsemca
5 (A)
... vîse [vîs]
8 (pres. subj. 1/1) to comply, to agree to, approve of;
(D) village, family, household
... vîsi
6 (L)
vîsîmca [vîsya]
11 (A) m. guardian angel of the village (k504)
vîsô [vîs 2]
30 (G, plA)
vîspa [-]
39 (n.plNA) all (pl); everything (sg); whole, entire;
vîspem â ahmât
(adv.) so long as, until
... vîspaca
14 (m.plA)
... vîspaêca
9 (G, m.plA)
... vîspaêibyô
38 (pl.D.Abl)
... vîspaêshãm
11 (pronominal plG)
... vîspaêshãmca
7 (pronominal plG)
... vîspahe
13 (G)
vîspaitîm [vîspaiti]
6 (A) m. head of the clan (ahm), the master of a street or borough (k501)
vîspanãm [vîspa]
77 (nominal f.m.n.pl.G) all (k500)
... vîspanãmca
34 (nominal f.m.n.pl.G)
... vîspayå
34 (fG)
... vîspâ
15 (fN, n.plNA)
... vîspâbyô
8 (f.plD)
... vîspâi
11 (D)
... vîspâish
24 (plI, plNAI)
... vîspãm
10 (fA)
... vîspãmca
10 (fA)
... vîspå
64 (f.plNA)
... vîspåsca
5 (f.plNA)
... vîspem
100 (nNA, mA)
... vîspemca
14 (mA, nA)
... vîspê
6 (m.plNA)
... vîspêñg
6 (m.plNA, n.plA)
... vîspêsca
7 (m.plA)
... vîspe
109 (m.plAV)
... vîspô
31 (mN)
vîspô-vîdhvå [vîspô- vîdhvangh]
11 (N) all-knowing (k503)
vîspô-hvâthrem [vîspô-hvâthra]
17 (A) all blissful (k503)
vîsrascayen [vî-srasc]
6 (3/3) to sprinkle over
vîsya [-]
m. guardian angel of the village (k504)
... vîsyâica
17 (D)
... vîsyå
5 (f.plA) pertaining to the village or borough
vîshtâspa [-]
20 (pr. n. V) m. Vishtaspa (k505)
... vîshtâspahe
7 (G)
... vîshtâspâi
6 (D)
... vîshtâspô
12 (N)
vîshaptathâica [vîshaptatha]
5 (D) the day of the full moon (k504)
... vîshaptathem
5 (A)
vîvanghana [-]
5 (L) m. Vivanghant, father of King Jamsheed (k498)
vohu [, vanghu]
62 (NAV, pl.NAV) good (k456)
vohu-gaonahe [vohu-gaona]
5 (G) black, blood-colored (lit.) (t145, b1482) [perfume, incense, benzoin, frankincense]
vohu-keretôish [vohu-kereti]
5 (G) f. an incense or perfume; aloe-wood (trad.)
vohuca [vohu]
5 (nA, n.plA)
... vohucâ
8 (nA)
... vohunãm
9 (m.plG, n.plG)
vohunîsh [vohuni]
7 (plA) blood, menses (k511)
vohuxshathrayå [vohu-xshathra]
5 (fG) Vohukhshathra, name of 4th Gatha
... vohuxshathrãm
6 (fA)
vohû [vohu]
375 (A, nI, plA; GAv NA)
vouru [-]
wide, extensive (k509)
vouru-dôithrayå [vouru-dôithra]
5 (fG) with eyes of love, high-minded, of large eyes (lit.) (k510)
... vouru-dôithrãm
5 (fA)
vouru-gaoyaoite [vouru-gaoyaoiti]
6 (v) (lord) having wide pastures (b1430, k509)
... vouru-gaoyaoitish
33 (mN)
... vouru-gaoyaoitîm
68 (mA)
... vouru-gaoyaoitôish
20 (mG)
... vouru-gaoyaotôish
15 (mG)
vouru-kasha [-]
n. (jAR: m.) Caspian Sea (lit. wide-shored) (k509)
... vouru-kashem
8 (NA)
... vourukashahe
5 (G)
... vourukashât
10 (Abl)
... vourukashem
14 (NA)
vô [tûm]
29 (plA.D.Abl.G)
vyãxman
"ceremonial meeting (for the verbal contest)" (Kr82 following ?Kuiper); (debate?)
vyâxanem [vyâxana]
5 (A) m. eloquent (Kr); challenging (ahm166); well-known, noted (k513)

Avesta dictionary - X


xå [xâ]
12 (plNA) f. source (t95); a spring (of water), fountain (k146)
xrafstrâish [xrafstra]
5 (plIA) m. miscreant (Kr), fierce (Insl.), noxious creatures (varmints) (k149)
xratêush [xratu]
9 (G) m. wisdom (k147)
... xratûm
20 (A)
... xrathwô
10 (G)
xshtûm [xshtva]
11 (n.mA) sixth (k157)
... xshtvô
5 (mN)
xshaêsha [xshi]
5 (pot. mid. 2/1)
xshaêtahe [xshaêta]
7 (mG) radiant (t39), shining; majestic (HZI 42, k151)
... xshaêtem
11 (mA)
... xshaêtô
9 (mN)
xshafna [xshapan]
17 (plN) f. night (k151)
... xshafne
11 (D)
... xshapanem
20 (A)
... xshapanô
6 (G,plA)
... xshapô [xshap]
9 (G)
xshathra [-]
7 (I) n. power (ahm), dominion, kingdom, rule; a ruler; Khshathra, an Amesha Spenta; 6th month (k150)
... xshathrahe
6 (G)
... xshathrahyâ
6 (GAv G)
... xshathrâ
24 (I)
... xshathrâi
13 (D)
... xshathrât
5 (Abl)
... xshathrem
58 (NA)
... xshathremcâ
14 (NA)
xshathrinãm [xshathrî]
8 (plG) f. woman of authority (k151)
... xshathrishva
5 (plL)
xshathrîm [xshathrya]
11 (mA)
xshathrôi [xshathra]
6 (L)
xshathrya [-]
majestic (Kr47), imperial (HZI 42), kingly (k151)
... xshathryô
5 (mN)
xshayamna [xshi]
9 (pres. part. mid. I)
... xshayamnem
5 (pres. part. mid. A)
... xshayamnô
13 (pres. part. mid. mN)
... xshayãs
5 (pres. part. act. mNL)
xshi [-]
(v. rt.) can (ahm178); to govern, to rule; cl. 1 (k152)
xshmâvatô [xshmâvañt]
5 (G) like you (k155)
xshnaoma [-]
5 (I) n. coy, satisfaction (k154)
xshnaothra [-]
81 (plN) n. propitiation; satisfaction (k154)
... xshnaothrâica
122 (nD)
xshnâvayeiti [xshnu]
16 (caus. pres. indic. act. 3/1) to be pleased or propitiated (k154)
xshnûmaine [xshnûman]
28 (D) n. propitiation (k155)
xshnûtå [xshnûta]
8 (f.pl.N) well-pleased, satisfied, satiated (k155)
... xshnûtô
13 (mN)
xshôithnîm [xshôithnî]
8 (A) f. brilliant, shining, bright (k154)
xshudrå [xshudra]
17 (f.n. plA) semen, seed (k153)
xshvash [-]
34 (plNA) six (k156)
xshvashtîm [xshvashti]
5 (plA) sixty (l156)

Avesta dictionary - hv (xv)


hva [-]
(reflex. pron.) own
hvadhâtahe [hvadhâta]
8 (m.n.G) self-governed (Kr), taking one's course according to one system; self-disposing; self-created, natural; pr. n. (k139)
... hvadhâtanãm
6 (n.plG)
hvafna [-]
m. sleep
hvahmi [hva, hava]
13 (L)
... hvah'yå
9 (fG)
hvanirathem [hvaniratha]
6 (A) Khaniratha, one of the 7 Keshvars (regions, continents) of the earth (k139)
hvanvañtem [hvanvañt]
6 (mA) shining, bright; name of a person; name of a mountain (k140)
... hvanvatô
7 (mG)
hvarem [hvara]
8 (A) m. a sore, a wound (k141)
hvarenanghaca [hvarenangh]
36 (I) n. khwarrah (often untransl.), divine grace or fortune (HZII p. 17 n. 23); favor, good things (k142)
... hvarenanghô
38 (G)
hvarenanguhañtem [hvarenanghvañt]
26 (mA) khwarrah-endowed (k142)
... hvarenanguhastemem
7 (superl. nNA, mA) most endowed with khwarrah
... hvarenanguhatô
42 (mG)
... hvarenanguhå
18 (mN)
hvarenasca [hvarenangh]
9 (A)
... hvarenô
111 (NA)
hvaretha [-]
10 (du.pl.NA) n. f. food (k141)
... hvarethanãm
5 (plG)
... hvarethå
6 (f.n.pl.NA)
... hvarethem
16 (NA)
hvatô [-]
7 (reflex. pron. indecl.) himself; herself; thyself (k139)
hvâish [hva]
10 (plI)
hvâparãm [hvâpara]
7 (fA) self-sufficient (k144)
hvâstrahe [râman hvâstra]
23 (mG) Ram, Yazad of the atmosphere; peace possessing good pasture (HZI); [hvâstra] = pasture ... hvâstrem
15 (A)
hvâthrem [hvâthra]
5 (NA) n. happiness (Kr), comfort (Hum), ease (Bailey), blessedness (Boyce TS), felicity (mai), luster, splendor, glory (k143)

Avesta dictionary - Y


ýa [-]
(rel. pron.) who, which (j399, k415)
ýadâ [-]
5 (adv.) when, at the time that; here, in this world (k422)
ýadhôit [-]
7 (adv.) whence; than (k422)
ýaêca [ýa]
5 (m.plN)
... ýaêcâ
6 (GAv m.plN)
... ýaêibyô
8 (m.pl.D.Abl)
... ýaêshãm
19 (m.plG)
... ýahmat
14 (Abl)
... ýahmâi
28 (D)
... ýahmi
8 (mL)
... ýahmya
12 (fL)
ýaonem [ýaona]
8 (A) m. atmosphere; perseverence; continuance; (adv.) fixedly, perseveringly (k419)
... ýaonemca
6 (A)
ýaoxshtivañtem [ýaoxshtivañt]
7 (nNA, a-decl. mA) skillful, powerful (k417); sensible, perceptive (yaoxshti - sense, perception) (ahm187); faculty (t134), skilled (t138?); ? blowing (t34)
ýaozhdadhâiti [ýaozhdâ]
7 (pres. act. 3/1) to purify, to cleanse (k417); [ýaozhdâ-2] purification; "more precisely this appears to refer to the state of purity for the sacrifice" (t110, b1235, k418)
... ýaozhdathâne
9 (imp. mid. 1/1)
... ýaozhdathâni
6 (imp. act. 1/1)
... ýaozhdathô
8 (pres. part. act. mng1/1)
... ýaozhdayãn
40 (pot. act.; periphrastic impf. 3/3)
... ýaozhdâiti
5 (pres. act. 3/1)
... ýaozhdâta
20 (pres. part. act. mNA)
... ýaozhdâtanãm
8 (plG)
ýaozhdâthrem [ýaozhdâthra]
21 (NA) n. purification; purifier (k418)
ýaozhdâthryô [ýaozhdâthrya]
9 (N) m. purifier (k418)
ýaozhdå [ýaozhdâ-2]
5 (N) f. purity (k418)
ýasca [ýa]
38 (mN)
... ýascâ
5 (mN)
... ýase-thwâ
7 ()
ýasna [-]
70 (I) m. worship, sacrifice; prayer (k424)
... ýasnahe
14 (G)
... ýasnasca
6 (N)
... ýasnâi
21 (D)
... ýasnâica
142 (D)
... ýasnem
35 (A)
... ýasnemca
48 (A)
ýasnyâca [ýasnya]
8 (n.m.plN, m.plA) worthy of worship (k425)
ýasô-beretâbyô
6 (pl.Abl) with worthily-offered (zaothras) (Kr), (zaothras) brought for Yasna
ýat [ya]
716 (n.NAV) who, which; that, (conj.) when; as
... ýatca
12 (nN)
... ýatcit
45 ()
ýatha [-]
507 (conj.) as; when; that; than; ýatha ... ýatha either - or (k421)
... ýathaca
6 (conj.)
ýathanâ [ýathana]
8 (adv.) as, just like, so that (k421)
ýathâ [ýatha]
175 (GAv)
ýathna [ýathana]
8 (adv.)
ýathra [-]
14 (adv.) where (k422)
... ýathrâ
10 (GAv adv.)
ýava [-]
12 (adv.) duration, period, time of life; always; any time (k423); (plN) m. the staff of life (lit.), barley (orig.); corn (k422, t117, b263), i.e. grain; [ýavan] (N) m. youth
ýavaêca
14 ()
ýavaêtâtaêca [ýavaêtât]
14 (D) f. forever (k423)
ýavanãm [ýava]
5 (plG)
... ýavanãmca
10 (plG)
ýavata [-]
6 (conj.) as long as
ýavat [-]
36 (conj.) as much as; when; as long as (k423, j31)
ýavê
6 ()
ýavô [ýava]
6 (N)
ýayata [ýat]
9 (perf. act. 3/1) to hasten, to accelerate; to have power, to be able (k421)
yaz (ýaz) [-]
(v. rt. conj. only in mid., cl. 1) celebrate (Humbach), worship, honor, venerate (Dhalla), revere (k419)
... ýazaêsha-mê
29 (pot. 2/1, pres. opt., mid. 2/1) "may you worship me"
... ýazaite
14 (pres. 3/1)
... yazamaide (ýazamaide) we celebrate
1791 (pres. indic. mid. 1/3)
... ýazamaidê
51 (pres. 1/3)
ýazata [-]
91 (IV, duA, plNV) m. Yazad, angel; [ýaz] (impf. pret. indic. mid. 3/1) to worship
... ýazataêibyô
10 (pl.D.Abl)
... ýazatahe
30 (G)
... ýazatanãm
37 (plG)
... ýazatånghô
10 (plNAV)
... ýazatem
38 (A)
... ýazatô
5 (N)
ýazayañta [ýaz]
5 (pot. 3/3)
ýazâi [ýaz]
76 (pres. subj. 1/1) I will worship
... ýazâite
16 (ind. pres. 3/1, subj. mid. 3/1)
... ýazâne
7 (imp. 1/1)
... ýazemnâi
24 (pres. part. mD)
... ýazeñta
5 (impf. 3/3)
... ýazeñte
6 (pres. 3/3)
... ýazeñti
5 ()
ýâ [ýa]
446 (I, m.duNV, n.duA, fN, plN, n.pl.NAV) who; which; (conj.) so that
ýâca
6 ()
ýâcâ
13 ()
ýâirya
9 (plA) season; seasonal; Gahambar
... ýâiryaêibyô
6 (plD)
... ýâiryanãmca
14 (plG)
... ýâiryayåsca
10 (G)
... ýâiryãmca
6 (A)
ýâish [ýa]
39 (plA)
ýânem [ýâna]
17 (A) m. favor, gift (k428)
ýâre [-]
9 (A) n. year (k428)
ýâre-drâjô [ýâre-drâcangh]
14 (NA) n. the duration of one year (k428)
ýâsâ [ýâ-5]
17 (ind. pres. act. 1/1) to beseech, to beg; cl. 1 (k428), (alternately,) [ýâs] "I pray for" (jAR)
ýâtavô [ýâtu]
8 (plNA) n. (jAR: m.) devil; wizard (HZI), sorcerer (k427)
ýâtem [ýâta]
5 (A) n. conduct; actions, deeds (k427)
ýâtumaiti [ýâtumañt]
5 (fN) sorcerer (k427)
ýâthwãm [ýâtu]
14 (plG)
ýã [ýa]
6 (m.plA) who; which
... ýãm
103 (fA)
... ýãmca
15 (fA)
... ýå
163 (f.plNA)
ýå-nô
6 () who ... by us (j399)
ýånghãm [ýa]
5 (f.plG) who, which; a great event
... ýånghãmcâ
6 ()
... ýåsca
21 (f.plN)
... ýåscâ
5 (GAv f.plNA)
... ýê
87 (mN)
... ýê-nå
5 ()
... ýêm
8 ()
... ýêñg
8 ()
... ýehe
10 (G)
... ýehyâ
11 (GAv G)
... ýenghå
12 (fG)
... ýenghe
57 (mG, fL)
... ýenghê
79 (G, fL) whose
ýesnê [ýasna]
22 (L)
ýesnya [ýasnya]
10 (plNA) (Staota) Yesnya; worthy of worship or praise (k425)
... ýesnyanãm
13 (plG)
... ýesnyô
6 (mN)
ýeshti [-]
249 (I) f. worship, adoration, Yasna (k433)
ýezi [-]
249 (conj.) if (k432)
... ýezi-shê
11 ()
... ýezica
59 ()
... ýezî
8 ()
ýim [ýa]
222 (nN, mA)
ýima [-]
8 (v) m. Yima, King Jamsheed (k429)
... ýimat
6 (Abl)
... ýimâi
9 (D)
ýimca [ýa]
8 ()
ýimô [ýima]
27 (N)
ýô [ýa]
768 (mNV)
... ýôi
284 (m.plN)
ýûnãm [ýavan]
5 (plG) m. youth, young man (k423)
... ýûnô
5 (G)
ýûshmâkem [tûm]
7 (plG) you; (A) your (k432)
ýûtô [ýûiti]
8 (L) f. connection, touch, contact (k431)
ýûzhem [tûm]
9 (plN) you

Avesta dictionary - Z


zaênangha [zaênangh]
5 (I) n. wakefulness, vigilance (k197); (N) vigilantly (Kr84, b1650)
zairi-gaosha [-]
green-eared; golden-eared (k195)
... zairi-gaoshahe
5 (mG)
... zairi-gaoshem
7 (mA)
zairitem [zairita]
10 (nN, mA) n. golden (Kr87); green (k195)
zam [-]
earth
zañgem [zañga]
8 (A) m. bone of the leg; ankle-bone (D.) (k199)
zañtêush [zañtu]
12 () m. tribal area (Kr), district (k199, Herb.); tribe (ahm)
... zañtu
6 (I)
zañtumâica [zañtuma]
8 (D) pertaining to the town; exercising authority over the town; also, m. name of a Yazad (k199)
... zañtumå
5 (f.pl.A)
... zañtumemca
6 (A)
zañtunãmca [zañtu]
8 (plG)
zaosha [-]
m. wish, agreement (k198)
... zaoshâi
6 (D)
... zaoshô
6 (N)
zaota [zaotar]
26 (N) m. priest, officiating priest; driver (of an ox) (k197)
... zaotâ
39 (N)
zaothra [-]
5 (I) libation (Mal, Hum, G), offering (Kr) (see HZI149, k197)
... zaothranãm
11 (plG)
... zaothrâbyô
57 (plAbl)
... zaothrãm
16 (A)
... zaothrå
23 (f.pl.NA)
... zaothråsca
6 (f.pl.NA, plV)
zaothre [zaotar]
71 (D)
zaothra
(ngL)
zaothrô-barâi [zaothrô-bara]
6 (mD) carrying or bringing offerings (k198)
zaranaênem [zaranaêna]
7 (A) n. golden, of gold (k203)
... zaranaêne
14 (mL, nN)
zaranim [zaranya]
5 (nNA) golden, of gold; gold (k204)
zaranyô-aiwidhânahe [zaranyô-aiwidhâna]
5 (mG) with a golden caparison (saddle blanket) (k204)
zarathushtra [-]
307 (pr. n. I) m. Zarathushtra (k202)
... zarathushtrahe
43 (G)
... zarathushtrahê
5 (G)
... zarathushtrâi
26 (D)
... zarathushtrem
23 (A)
zarathushtri [-]
16 (nN, fA, n.plA) Zoroastrian (k202)
... zarathushtrish
31 (N, m.f.N)
... zarathushtrîm
6 (A, fA)
zarathushtrô [zarathushtra]
124 (N)
zarathushtrô-fraoxta [-]
8 (plN) proclaimed by Z. (k203)
zarathushtrôish [zarathushtri]
15 (mG)
zarathushtrôtema [-]
m. highest chief priest, spiritual head of the community (k203)
... zarathushtrôtemâica
6 (mD)
... zarathushtrôtememca
5 (mA)
zasta [-]
18 (I, duA) m. hand (k206)
... zastaêibya
15 (duI.Abl.)
zavareca [zavare]
8 (A) n. strength, vigor (k206)
zaya [-]
7 (I, duA, plNA) m.n. winter (vn); weapon; implement (tool?); victory (k201)
... zayanãm
7 (plG)
zâire [zâiri]
11 (NV) m. green, yellow (k207)
... zâirîm
5 (A)
zâtanãm [zâta]
7 (past part. plG) born, brought into existence (k208)
... zâtanãmca
5 (plG)
zâvare [-]
13 (A) n. speed (Kr91), swiftness (Hum) (k208)
zãm [zam, zem]
106 (A) f. earth (k210)
... zãmca
6 (A)
zãthaêca [zãtha + -ca]
10 (L) m. & in birth; rising; creation (k212)
zå [zam]
14 (fN) earth, land, ground; Yazad presiding over
zbayamahi [zbâ, zbi]
32 (pres. act. 3/1, cl. 4) to invoke, to shall (k212)
... zbayeiti
9 (pres. act. 1/3)
... zbayemi
10 (pres. indic. act. 1/1)
zemasca [zam]
8 (plA) earth
... zemat
5 (Abl)
... zemâ
16 (I)
... zemâdha
6 (Abl)
... zemãmca
5 (plG)
... zeme
5 (D)
... zemê
8 (D)
... zemô
96 (G, plNA)
73 (encl. part.) for, indeed, because
zrayanghat [zrayangh]
12 (Abl) n. the sea (k213)
... zrayanghô
11 (G)
... zrayô
31 (NA)
zrazdâtôit [zrazdâiti]
9 () (k213)
zrvânahe [zrvan, zrvâna]
7 (G) n. time (k214)
... zrvânem
19 (A)
zhnûm [zhnu]
8 (A) m. knee (k195)

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