Fragm. Darmesteter

From SBE American Edition, 1898, pg 369 seq.

1. Chithrem Buyat

Found in some prayer books. It was published by Tir Andaz in his Khorda Avesta (Bombay, p. 374 seq.) and by Sachau in his Neue Beiträge (Vienna, 1981, p. 823)
cithrem buyât ahmya nmâne
pitûm buyât ahmya nmâne
thwãm pitûm buyât ahmya nmâne.
May welfare appear in this house!
May plenty of food be in this house!
May plenty of food be in thy house!


The first of the following three lines, and sometimes the first two, are found in many of the Pahlavi colophons at the end of Avesta mamuscripts. The complete formula is found only in the colophon of the old Yasna of Kopenhagen (k5; see Geldner, Yasna 72.11; West, Denkard, 484).
aêvô pañtå ýô ashahe
vîspe anyaeshãm apañtãm
angrahe mainyêush nasishtãm daênãm daêvayasnanãm parâcîtîm mashyânãm frâkereitîm.
There is only one way of Righteousness [[Asha]] [1];
All other ways are no ways:
It is Religion, that destroyer of Angra Mainyu, which tears to pieces the Daeva-worshippers, the men who live in sin.
[1. 'The way of the Poryotkesh' (Paoiryo-tkaesha; Arda Viraf, 101.15), that is, the pure orthodox religion, as founded by Zarathushtra and followed by his first disciples.]


A formula found in several colophons.
nôit cahmi zazva ýô nôit urune zazva
nôit cahmi zazusha [ýô nôit urvãni jazush]
naecish adha zarathushtra sûsh ýatha [hîm] âdare mashyâka. [1]
He has gained nothing who has not gained the soul,
He shall gain nothing who shall not gain the soul [2],
There is no good for man to receive of him [3], O Zarathushtra!

[1.For various readings, see the Guimet Zend-Avesta, III, 150-151.

2. The salvation of his soul, a place in Paradise. The Mino-Khrad (1.28-32) quotes the same passage with the following commentary: 'For the spiritual world and the material one are like two fortresses, of which one can clearly take the one, but not the other' (at the same time).

3. Of Ahriman. 'There is no profit to expect from the demons nor from the wicked: for if there be profit in the beginning, at the end there will be ruin' (Comm.)]


This fragment from the Hadhokht Nask is quoted in the Sad Dar (ch. 40) to impress on children the respect due to their parents and masters.
mâ âzârayôish zarathushtra mâ pourushaspem mâ dukhdhôvãm aethrapaitish. Do not afflict, O Zarathushtra! either Pourushaspa [1], or Dudhdhova [2], or thy teachers.

[1. His father.

2. His mother.]


(Shayest Na Shayest 13.17)
cathrâyâim âthraiam. The manifestation by the fire. [1]

[1. The manifestation of the truth by the fire-ordeal.]


A quotation in the Cim-i gasan 6 (West, Pahlavi Texts, I, 356, with the various readings in note 1).
anaomô mananghe kya vîsâi kaia kva parô. ???


This is an Avesta-i mar zadan (or text to be recited while killing a serpent). 'If one recite it while killing a serpent, one gathers thereby the same merit as if one had killed a heretic' (Gr. Rivayat, p. 383). The text is too corrupt to allow of any translation, but it contains allusions to Varshna, son of Hanghaurvaungh, son of Jamaspa, whose fravashi is invoked in the Yt13.104, to withstand the evil Pairikas, and who, from the present formula, appears to have been a dragon-destroyer.
varshnahe thwãm anghrô urushnôish jâmâspânahe puthrahe puthrem apaitikhni amâ ýim davata ashish apathatô paitîm âpem dãmnsâvyãm nôit hvâzâtô nôit zâniti nôit amå arenå hvâish âtêe ýaza ajithô ânem sâyaeti ývaeca ýavaetâtaeca ashem vôhu. ???

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